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Recent studies suggest that the endocannabinoid system modulates feeding. Despite the existence of central mechanisms for the regulation of food intake by endocannabinoids, evidence indicates that peripheral mechanisms may also exist. To test this hypothesis, we investigated (1) the effects of feeding on intestinal anandamide accumulation; (2) the effects(More)
The endogenous cannabinoid acylethanolamide AEA (arachidonoylethanolamide; also known as anandamide) participates in the neuroadaptations associated with chronic ethanol exposure. However, no studies have described the acute actions of ethanol on AEA production and degradation. In the present study, we investigated the time course of the effects of the(More)
The majority of Parkinson's disease patients undergoing levodopa therapy develop disabling motor complications (dyskinesias) within 10 years of treatment. Stimulation of cannabinoid receptors, the pharmacological target of Delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol, is emerging as a promising therapy to alleviate levodopa-associated dyskinesias. However, the mechanisms(More)
Cannabinoid CB1 receptors are densely expressed on striatal projection neurons expressing dopamine D1 or D2 receptors. However, the specific neuronal distribution of CB1 receptors within the striatum is not known. Previous research has established that the endocannabinoid system controls facilitation of behavior by dopamine D2 receptors, but it is not clear(More)
We have observed that systemic administration of cannabinoid CB1 antagonists exerts antiparkinsonian effects in rats with very severe nigral lesion (>95% cell loss), but not in rats with less severe lesion (85-95% cell loss). Local injections into denervated striatum and corresponding globus pallidus reduced parkinsonian asymmetry. Infusions into lesioned(More)
Modulation of the endocannabinoid system might be useful in treating Parkinson's disease. Here, we show that systemic administration of N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-arachidonamide (AM404), a cannabinoid modulator that enhances anandamide (AEA) availability in the biophase, exerts antiparkinsonian effects in 6-hydroxydopamine-lesioned rats. Local injections of AM404(More)
The endogenous cannabinoid, anandamide, has been shown to attenuate naloxone-precipitated opiate withdrawal in rodents. Here we show that the spontaneous, but not the naloxone-precipitated withdrawal syndrome in morphine-dependent mice is attenuated by the inhibitor of carrier-mediated anandamide transport N-(4-hydroxyphenyl) arachidonylethanolamide (AM404)(More)
The endogenous cannabinoid system works as a feedback signal controlling dopamine-induced facilitation of motor behaviors. The present study explored whether a single acute stimulation of CB1 cannabinoid receptors with (-)-Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC, 5 mg kg(-1) i.p.) results in modifications in the sensitivity to the acute behavioral effects of the(More)
The contribution of the endocannabinoid system to dopamine-mediated disorganized behavior in schizophrenia is discussed. We used a model of concurrent stimulation of dopamine D1 and D2 receptors to evaluate the role of this system in dopamine-mediated stereotypies measured in a hole-board test. Pretreatment with the cannabinoid CB1 receptor antagonist(More)
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