Belén Alcalá

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This study is a first step in the development of multilocus sequence typing (MLST) method for Listeria monocytogenes. Nine housekeeping genes were analyzed in a set of 62 strains isolated from different sources and geographic locations in Spain. These strains were previously characterized by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). Because of low diversity,(More)
The phenotypic and genetic analysis results for 84 isolates of Lactococcus garvieae (including 62 strains from trout with lactococcosis from four different countries, 7 strains from cows and water buffalos with subclinical mastitis, 3 from water, and 10 from human clinical samples) are presented. There was great phenotypic heterogeneity (13 different(More)
The new meningococcal C conjugate vaccine became available in Spain and was included in the infant vaccination schedule in 2000. A catch-up campaign was carried out in children under six years of age. As a consequence, the incidence of meningococcal disease caused by serogroup C has fallen sharply during the last three epidemiological years in Spain. The(More)
BACKGROUND Over the past several years, the emergence of gonococcal isolates with intermediate or full resistance to fluoroquinolones has become a significant concern in several countries, including Spain. GOAL The goal was to determine the occurrence of ciprofloxacin resistance among Neisseria gonorrhoeae strains in Spain during 2000 to 2001 and(More)
One Neisseria gonorrhoeae strains highly resistant to azithromycin AzHLR (MIC >2048 mg/L) was isolated in Argentina in 2001 and it has been characterized by N. gonorrhoeae multiantigen sequence typing (NG-MAST) as ST696, suggesting a different event to other isolates in Europe. Neither, mtrR mutations or presence of mef gene were detected.
Accurate identification of meningococcal sudden deaths is needed to avoid underestimation of the true incidence of the disease. This study analyzed the usefulness of a real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) protocol using MGB (3'-minor groove binder) probes to detect Neisseria meningitidis in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues from sudden deaths(More)
A mass immunization campaign for 18-month to 19-year-olds was undertaken in Spain in 1996-1997 because of an epidemic of serogroup C meningococcal disease associated with a C:2b:P1.2,5 strain belonging to the A4 lineage. Surveillance for the "capsule-switching" phenomenon producing B:2b:P1.2,5 isolates was undertaken. Of 2,975 meningococci characterized,(More)
Urethritis caused by Neisseria meningitidis in heterosexual patients is presumed to occur via orogenital contact, but confirmation has not been possible in most cases. Presented here is a case of urethritis caused by N. meningitidis, serogroup C, and the isolation of the same microorganism from the nasopharynx and endocervix of the patient’s sexual partner.(More)
In vitro activities of six antimicrobial agents against 2966 strains of Neisseria gonorrhoeae, isolated in Spain between 1983 and 2001, were determined. The percentages of intermediately susceptible and resistant isolates to penicillin (MIC > or = 0.12 mg/L) and tetracycline (MIC > or = 0.5 mg/L) were very high over the period of study. Strains(More)
The PorA protein is a potential candidate as a vaccine component against meningococcal disease. However, this protein experiences antigenic variation and is subject to phase variations to evade immune selective pressure. In this study, the mechanisms responsible for altered expression of the PorA protein were analysed in 50 non-subtypable strains isolated(More)