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Alpha1a-adrenergic receptors (alpha1aARs) are present intracellularly and at the cell surface in cultured and natural cell models, where they are subject to agonist-mediated desensitization and internalization. To explore alpha1aAR trafficking, a hemagglutinin (HA)-tagged alpha1aAR/enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) fusion protein was expressed in(More)
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a devastating stroke subtype characterized by a prominent neuroinflammatory response. Antagonism of pro-inflammatory cytokines by specific antibodies represents a compelling therapeutic strategy to improve neurological outcome in patients after ICH. To test this hypothesis, the tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) antibody(More)
The alpha(1a)-adrenergic receptor (alpha(1a)AR) occupies intracellular and plasma membranes in both native and heterologous expression systems. Based on multiple independent lines of evidence, we demonstrate the alpha(1a)AR at the cell surface occupies membrane rafts but exits from rafts following stimulation. In non-detergent raft preparations, basal(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) and intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) are leading causes of neurological mortality and disability in the U.S. However, therapeutic options are limited and clinical management remains largely supportive. HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (statins) have pleiotropic mechanisms of action in the setting of acute brain injury, and have been(More)
BACKGROUND Xenon has been proven to be neuroprotective in experimental brain injury. The authors hypothesized that xenon would improve outcome from focal cerebral ischemia with a delayed treatment onset and prolonged recovery interval. METHODS Rats were subjected to 70 min temporary focal ischemia. Ninety minutes later, rats were treated with 0, 15, 30,(More)
BACKGROUND Apolipoprotein E has previously been demonstrated to modulate acute brain injury responses, and administration of COG1410, an apoE-mimetic peptide derived from the receptor-binding region of apoE, improves outcome in preclinical models of acute neurological injury. In the current study, we sought to establish the optimal dose and timing of(More)
The disposition of sulindac, a new nonsteroid anti-inflammatory drug, has been studied in normal volunteers in five separate clinical studies. Based upon material balance considerations, a minimum of approximately 88% of an oral dose is absorbed. The major biotransformations involve irreversible oxidation of the sulfinyl group of sulindac to sulfone and(More)
Ten healthy volunteers each received single and multiple 50-mg doses of indomethacin orally and a single 25-mg dose of [ 14 C]indomethacin intravenously in the absence of and concomitantly with 1200 mg of aspirin as a single dose and in a chronic t.i.d. regimen. Systematic analysis of the data resulted in the isolation and quantification of aspirin's(More)
We have reported that the alpha(1A)-adrenergic receptor (alpha(1A)AR) in rat-1 fibroblasts is a lipid raft protein. Here we examined whether disrupting lipid rafts by methyl-beta-cyclodextrin (MCD) sequestration of cholesterol affects alpha(1A)AR signaling. Unexpectedly, MCD increased alpha(1A)AR-dependent basal inositol phosphate formation and p38(More)
Presently, no pharmacological treatments have been demonstrated to improve long-term functional outcomes following intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Clinical evidence associates apolipoprotein E (apoE) genotype with ICH incidence and outcome. While apoE modifies neuroinflammatory responses through its adaptive role in glial downregulation, intact apoE(More)