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Degenerin/epithelial sodium channels (DEG/ENaC) represent a large family of animal-specific membrane proteins. Although the physiological functions of most family members are not known, some have been shown to act as nonvoltage gated, amiloride-sensitive sodium channels. The DEG/ENaC family is exceptionally large in genomes of Drosophila species relative to(More)
Insects utilize diverse families of ion channels to respond to environmental cues and control mating, feeding, and the response to threats. Although degenerin/epithelial sodium channels (DEG/ENaC) represent one of the largest families of ion channels in Drosophila melanogaster, the physiological functions of these proteins are still poorly understood. We(More)
The adenylate cyclase/cAMP signaling pathway and adult mushroom bodies (MBs) have been shown to play an important role in sleep regulation in Drosophila. The amnesiac (amn) gene, encodes a neuropeptide that is homologous with vertebrate pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating peptide (PACAP), is expressed in dorsal paired medial (DPM) neurons and is required(More)
Degenerin/epithelial Na(+) channels (DEG/ENaC) represent a diverse family of voltage-insensitive cation channels whose functions include Na(+) transport across epithelia, mechanosensation, nociception, salt sensing, modification of neurotransmission, and detecting the neurotransmitter FMRFamide. We previously showed that the Drosophila melanogaster Deg/ENaC(More)
The response of individual animals to mating signals depends on the sexual identity of the individual and the genetics of the mating targets, which represent the mating social context (social environment). However, how social signals are sensed and integrated during mating decisions remains a mystery. One of the models for understanding mating behaviors in(More)
A method is described for incorporation of water-soluble protein Staphylococcal protein A (SpA) into phospholipid monolayer using covalent protein-lipid conjugates in detergent solution. The amphiphilic conjugates have solubility properties very similar to intergral membrane proteins. When the conjugates are applied into dipalmitoyl-phosphatidic acid(More)
The staphylococcal protein A containing monolayer is characterized on both aqueous and solid surfaces. The density of SpA in dipalmitoylphosphatidic acid (DPPA) monolayers is determined from ultraviolet spectroscopy. The influence of calcium on the SpA concentration in the monolayer is also investigated. The spectroscopic results indicate that the(More)
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