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OBJECTIVE To investigate the relationship between serum P levels on the day of hCG administration and pregnancy outcomes in different responders undergoing IVF. DESIGN Retrospective study. SETTING Teaching hospital. PATIENT(S) A total of 11,055 women who underwent their first IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection cycles and a subgroup of 4,021 women(More)
Synthesis and deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM) within the glomerulus and interstitium characterizes renal fibrosis, but the mechanisms underlying this process are incompletely understood. The profibrotic cytokine TGF-β1 modulates the expression of certain microRNAs (miRNAs), suggesting that miRNAs may have a role in the pathogenesis of renal(More)
Preeclampsia has been linked to shallow trophoblast invasion and failure of uterine spiral artery transformation. Interaction between trophoblast cells and maternal uterine endothelium is critically important for this remodelling. The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of TNF-α on the interactions of trophoblast-derived JEG-3 cells into(More)
STUDY QUESTION Are other HOX genes, in addition to HOXA10, involved in endometrial receptivity? SUMMARY ANSWER The highly expressed HOXA9, HOXA11 and HOXD10 genes also appear to be involved in endometrial receptivity. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY Within the HOX family of homeobox transcription factor genes are the leading candidates for the regulation of(More)
BACKGROUND Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) is now widely used as an adjuvant to IVF treatment protocols in poor responders. However, clinical evidence for DHEA on improvement of ovarian response and IVF outcome is still limited, the validity of the results of the earlier studies, especially the varied inclusion criteria, is a subject of debate. Recently, the(More)
Glucocorticoids are used in pregnancy to enhance fetal lung maturity as well as to ameliorate antepartum and postpartum HELLP (hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet count) syndrome, but it is not clear if glucocorticoids can modulate placental cytokine production. The aim of this study is to examine the effect of glucocorticoids at equivalent(More)
OBJECTIVE To define the risk of hepatitis B virus (HBV) transmission through oocytes and embryos from chronic HBV carriers. DESIGN Laboratory-based study. SETTING Research laboratory in a university hospital. PATIENT(S) Thirty-one couples with hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-negative women and HBsAg-positive men, 41 couples with HBsAg-positive(More)
1. Increases in soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt-1) and soluble endoglin (sEng) contribute to the pathogenesis of pre-eclampsia. Soluble Flt-1 binds to circulating free vascular endothelial growth factor and placenta growth factor and this is associated with endothelial dysfunction. Soluble endoglin, a transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta(More)