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Synthesis and deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM) within the glomerulus and interstitium characterizes renal fibrosis, but the mechanisms underlying this process are incompletely understood. The profibrotic cytokine TGF-β1 modulates the expression of certain microRNAs (miRNAs), suggesting that miRNAs may have a role in the pathogenesis of renal(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the relationship between serum P levels on the day of hCG administration and pregnancy outcomes in different responders undergoing IVF. DESIGN Retrospective study. SETTING Teaching hospital. PATIENT(S) A total of 11,055 women who underwent their first IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection cycles and a subgroup of 4,021 women(More)
The purpose of the present study was to examine the protective action and mechanisms of pinocembrin (1) on the neurovascular unit (NVU) in permanent cerebral ischemic rats. Focal cerebral ischemia was induced by occlusion of middle cerebral artery (MCAO) in rats. Compound 1 (3, 10, or 30 mg/kg) was intravenously injected at 0, 8, 16 h after MCAO. At 24 h of(More)
HIV/AIDS continues to be a menace to public health. Several drugs currently on the market have successfully improved the ability to manage the viral burden in infected patients. However, new drugs are needed to combat the rapid emergence of mutated forms of the virus that are resistant to existing therapies. Currently, approved drugs target three of the(More)
We report here the first inhibitor-bound structure of a mitotic motor protein. The 1.9 A resolution structure of the motor domain of KSP, bound with the small molecule monastrol and Mg2+ x ADP, reveals that monastrol confers inhibition by "induced-fitting" onto the protein some 12 A away from the catalytic center of the enzyme, resulting in the creation of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Elevated serum uric acid (UA) is a risk factor for the development of kidney disease. Inhibitors of xanthine oxidase (XOi), an enzyme involved in UA synthesis, have protective effects at early stages of experimental diabetic nephropathy (DN). However, long-term effects of XOi in models of DN remain to be determined. EXPERIMENTAL(More)
Preeclampsia has been linked to shallow trophoblast invasion and failure of uterine spiral artery transformation. Interaction between trophoblast cells and maternal uterine endothelium is critically important for this remodelling. The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of TNF-α on the interactions of trophoblast-derived JEG-3 cells into(More)
Processes of synaptic plasticity, such as long-term potentiation (LTP), has been considered a cellular correlate of learning and memory and many neurological disorders accompanied by cognitive deficits exhibit abnormal synaptic function. This emerging concept is exemplified by Alzheimer's disease. Mounting evidence suggests that Alzheimer's disease begins(More)