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The transition metal cadmium (Cd) has been shown to induce apoptosis in a variety of cell lines and tissues. Caspase activation of the tumor suppressor gene p53 and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling cascades have been reported to be involved in Cd-induced apoptosis. However, the underlying pathways of Cd-induced apoptosis have not been(More)
TRF1 and TRF2 are key proteins in human telomeres, which, despite their similarities, have different behaviors upon DNA binding. Previous work has shown that unlike TRF1, TRF2 condenses telomeric, thus creating consequential negative torsion on the adjacent DNA, a property that is thought to lead to the stimulation of single-strand invasion and was proposed(More)
Bystander effects induced by low-dose ionizing radiation have been shown to occur widely in many cell types and may have a significant impact on radiation risk assessment. Although the region of radiation damage is known to be much greater than the initial target volume irradiated, it remains to be seen whether this response is limited to the specific organ(More)
The shelterin proteins protect telomeres against activation of the DNA damage checkpoints and recombinational repair. We show here that a dimer of the shelterin subunit TRF2 wraps ∼ 90 bp of DNA through several lysine and arginine residues localized around its homodimerization domain. The expression of a wrapping-deficient TRF2 mutant, named Top-less,(More)
A major issue in telomere research is to understand how the integrity of chromosome ends is controlled. The fact that different types of nucleoprotein complexes have been described at the telomeres of different organisms raises the question of whether they have in common a structural identity that explains their role in chromosome protection. We will review(More)
Many studies have shown that arsenite is a potent inducer of apoptosis both in cells and tissues. However, there is a lack of appropriate in vivo animal models to study the underlying mechanisms of arsenite-induced apoptosis. Caenorhabditis elegans is an excellent model organism for studying many biological processes. We showed previously that C. elegans(More)
BACKGROUND To determine potential social, psychological, and environmental-structural factors that may result in motivating female sex workers (FSWs), who are rural-to-urban migrants, and their paying partners in Shanghai, China to promote consistent condom use (CCU). METHODS A cross-sectional study was conducted in five districts of Shanghai, including(More)
BACKGROUND China is currently facing a rapid and widespread increase in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). The activities of female sex workers (FSWs) have contributed to the mounting epidemic of HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Therefore, this study aimed to assess the HIV/AIDS-related(More)