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—The unlicensed band around 60 GHz can be utilized for wireless communications at data rates of several gigabits per second. This paper describes a receiver front-end that incorporates a folded microstrip geometry to create resonance at 60 GHz in a common-gate LNA and active mixers. Realized in 0.13-m CMOS technology, the receiver front-end provides a(More)
— This paper presents a study of phase noise in two inductorless CMOS oscillators. First-order analysis of a linear oscillatory system leads to a noise shaping function and a new definition of Q. A linear model of CMOS ring oscillators is used to calculate their phase noise, and three phase noise phenomena, namely, additive noise, high-frequency(More)
—A 10-Gb/s phase-locked clock and data recovery circuit incorporates an interpolating voltage-controlled oscillator and a half-rate phase detector. The phase detector provides a linear characteristic while retiming and demultiplexing the data with no systematic phase offset. Fabricated in a 0.18-m CMOS technology in an area of 1 1 0 9 mm 2 , the circuit(More)
—A pipelined ADC incorporates a blind LMS calibration algorithm to correct for capacitor mismatches, residue gain error, and op amp nonlinearity. The calibration applies 128 levels and their perturbed values, computing 128 local errors across the input range and driving the mean square of these errors to zero. Fabricated in 90-nm digital CMOS technology,(More)
The 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza pandemic demonstrated the global health threat of reassortant influenza strains. Herein, we report a detailed analysis of plasmablast and monoclonal antibody responses induced by pandemic H1N1 infection in humans. Unlike antibodies elicited by annual influenza vaccinations, most neutralizing antibodies induced by pandemic(More)
—This paper describes an 8-bit 5-stage pipelined and interleaved analog-to-digital converter that performs analog processing only by means of open-loop circuits such as differential pairs and source followers to achieve a high conversion rate. The concept of sliding interpolation is proposed to obviate the need for a large number of comparators or(More)