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The perinatal changes in the pattern of expression of the thyroid hormone receptor (TR) isoforms TRalpha (1) TRalpha (2), TRbeta (1), and TRbeta (2) were investigated using in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry, and RT-PCR and western blotting as visualization and quantification techniques respectively. In liver, lung, and kidney, TRalpha mRNA was(More)
Mechanosensing by cells directs changes in bone mass and structure in response to the challenges of mechanical loading. Low-amplitude, high-frequency loading stimulates bone growth by enhancing bone formation and inhibiting disuse osteoporosis. However, how bone cells sense vibration stress is unknown. Hence, we investigated bone cell responses to vibration(More)
To engineer bone tissue, mechanosensitive cells are needed that are able to perform bone cell-specific functions, such as (re)modeling of bone tissue. In vivo, local bone mass and architecture are affected by mechanical loading, which is thought to provoke a cellular response via loading-induced flow of interstitial fluid. Adipose tissue is an easily(More)
The ability of stem cells to self-renew as well as their multilineage differentiation potential makes them ideal candidates for skin regeneration strategies. Mesenchymal stem cells residing in human adult dermis, in contrast to adipose tissue, have not yet been described. The objective of this study was to determine the stemness and chemokine-mediated(More)
Mechanical loading plays an important role in the development and maintenance of skeletal tissues. Subnormal mechanical stress as a result of bed rest, immobilization, but also in spaceflight, results in a decreased bone mass and disuse osteoporosis, whereas supranormal loads upon extremities result in an increased bone mass. In this first in vitro(More)
BACKGROUND AIMS Stem cell therapies are being evaluated as promising alternatives for cartilage regeneration. We investigated whether stromal vascular fraction cells (SVF) from the infrapatellar (Hoffa) fat pad are suitable for a one-step surgical procedure to treat focal cartilage defects. METHODS SVF was harvested from patients undergoing knee(More)
Ideally, biomaterials have inductive properties, favoring specific lineage differentiation. For chondrogenic induction, these properties have been attributed to collagen type II. However, the underlying mechanisms are largely unknown. This study aimed to investigate whether collagen type II favors chondrogenic induction by affecting cell shape through beta1(More)
Cartilage is a tissue with only limited reparative capacities. A small part of its volume is composed of cells, the remaining part being the hydrated extracellular matrix (ECM) with collagens and proteoglycans as its main constituents. The functioning of cartilage depends heavily on its ECM. Although it is known that the various (fibro)cartilaginous tissues(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate whether maintaining the chondrocyte's native pericellular matrix prevents collagen-induced up-regulation of collagenase-3 (MMP-13) and whether integrin α1 (ITGα1) and/or discoidin domain receptor 2 (DDR2) modulate MMP-13 expression and which signalling pathway plays a role in collagen-stimulated MMP-13 expression. METHODS Goat(More)
STUDY DESIGN Caprine lumbar intervertebral discs (IVD) were collected from previous studies and categorized as normal, mildly, or severely degenerated. The biochemical composition and the RNA profiles present in both the nucleus pulposus (NP) and the anulus fibrosus (AF) were analyzed. OBJECTIVE To determine the molecular changes occurring in a disc(More)