Behrous Davani

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Metabolic transformation of glucocorticoid hormones constitutes a determinant of their cell-specific effects. The most important reaction for this class of steroids is the reversible C11 keto/beta-hydroxyl conversion between receptor-binding 11beta-OH steroids and the nonbinding 11-oxo compounds, carried out by 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases(More)
Abnormalities contributing to the pathogenesis of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus include impaired beta cell function, peripheral insulin resistance, and increased hepatic glucose production. Glucocorticoids are diabetogenic hormones because they decrease glucose uptake and increase hepatic glucose production. In addition, they may directly inhibit(More)
Glucocorticoids are diabetogenic hormones because they decrease glucose uptake, increase hepatic glucose production, and inhibit insulin release. To study the long-term effects of increased glucocorticoid sensitivity in beta-cells, we studied transgenic mice overexpressing the rat glucocorticoid receptor targeted to the beta-cells using the rat insulin I(More)
Glucocorticoids exert antiproliferative effects on a number of cell types, including the HeLa cervical carcinoma cell line. However, the mechanism responsible for the antiproliferative effect is poorly understood. In this report we have investigated the role of the recently identified cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor (CDI) p57Kip2 in the antiproliferative(More)
In insulinoma cell lines proliferation and insulin gene transcription are stimulated by growth hormone and prolactin, which convey their signals through the transcription factors Stat5a and 5b (referred to as Stat5). However, the contribution of Stat5 to the physiology of beta-cells in vivo could not be assessed directly since Stat5-null mice die(More)
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