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A mathematical model of midbrain dopamine neurons has been developed to understand the mechanisms underlying two types of calcium-dependent firing patterns that these cells exhibit in vitro. The first is the regular, pacemaker-like firing exhibited in a slice preparation, and the second is a burst firing pattern sometimes exhibited in the presence of(More)
Genetic variability in the behavioral responses of experimental subjects to psychostimulants such as amphetamine and cocaine have been reported. However, genetic differences in the locomotor responses of rat strains to methylphenidate (MPD), a commonly used psychostimulant in the treatment of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, have not been(More)
Dopaminergic local circuit neurons in the retina (DA cells) show robust, spontaneous, tetrodotoxin-sensitive pacemaking. To investigate the mechanism underlying this behavior, we characterized the sodium current and a subset of the potassium currents in the cells in voltage-clamp experiments. We found that there is a persistent component of the sodium(More)
Genetic variability is an important consideration in the study of the effect of drugs on humans and animals. Specifically, the effect of drugs on behavior varies from one rat strain to another. Methylphenidate (MPI), commonly known as Ritalin, is a psychostimulant with a pharmacological profile similar to amphetamine and cocaine, and is widely used in the(More)
We have developed a model of the mammalian respiratory central pattern generator (rCPG) to mimic the salient characteristics of its constituent medullary neurons. This model is designed as a network of Hodgkin-Huxley-type medullary neurons driven by a pacemaking neuron from the pre-Bötzinger complex. Here, we present the results of our model of this(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to compare fractionation schemes and outcomes of patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) treated in institutional prospective spinal stereotactic radiosurgery (SSRS) trials who did not previously undergo radiation treatment at the site of the SSRS. METHODS Patients enrolled in 2 separate institutional prospective(More)
We have developed a model for the rat phrenic motor neuron (PMN) that robustly replicates many experimentally observed behaviors of PMNs in response to pharmacological, ionic, and electrical perturbations using a single set of parameters. Our model suggests that the after-depolarization (ADP) response seen in action potentials is a result of the slow(More)
OBJECTIVE An emerging paradigm for treating patients with epidural spinal cord compression (ESCC) caused by metastatic tumors is surgical decompression and stabilization, followed by stereotactic radiosurgery. In the setting of rapid progressive disease, interruption or delay in return to systemic treatment can lead to a negative impact in overall survival.(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the predictability of vertebral compression fracture (VCF) development applying the spinal instability neoplastic score (SINS) prior to delivery of stereotactic spinal radiosurgery (SSRS) for spinal metastases. From two prospective cohorts of SSRS for spinal metastases, we selected patients with a low degree of cord(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors investigated the outcomes following spine stereotactic radiosurgery (SSRS) for patients with oligometastatic disease of the spine. METHODS The study was a secondary analysis of 38 of 209 patients enrolled in 2 separate institutional Phase I/II prospective protocols and treated with SSRS between 2002 and 2011. Of these 38 patients, 33(More)