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Childhood gastroenteritis remains a common reason for admission to British paediatric units, although the severity of the disease appears to be diminishing in recent years. We studied 215 infants and children with gastroenteritis admitted consecutively to four paediatric units in South Wales in order to determine the severity of the disease, the organisms(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have shown a positive correlation between Helicobacter pylori infection and migraine headache. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of H. pylori infection in migraine headache with (MA) and without aura (MO). METHODS This is a case-control study containing information on 84 patients (including MA, MO) and 49 healthy(More)
BACKGROUND The role of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) in the maintenance of vascularization following ischemic brain after experimental stroke has been established. Accordingly, in this study, we evaluated the role of circulating EPCs in transient ischemic attack (TIA) patients for future cerebrovascular (CV) events. MATERIALS AND METHODS The level(More)
BACKGROUND Valproic acid (VPA) is a widely used broad-spectrum antiepileptic drug for therapy of generalized and focal epilepsies. Cross-sectional studies have suggested that valproate treatment may be associated with hyperinsulinemia. We decided to investigate hyperinsulinemia as a health-threatening side effect of VPA in Iranian epileptic patients. (More)
Frontotemporal dementia is a neurodegenerative disorder among adults. An autosomal-dominantly form of frontotemporal dementia and parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17q21.2 (FTDP-17) was defined in 1996. The MAPT gene is responsible for the major cases of FTDP-17, and tau also has a role in Alzheimer's disease. So far, different FTDP-17 causing mutations(More)
Longitudinal extensive transverse myelitis (LETM) is a form of myelitis involving three or more spinal segments. LETM may be associated with multiple sclerosis, neu-romyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD), systemic autoimmune diseases [e.g., systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)], primary anti-phospholipid syndrome, Sjögren's syndrome, and other diseases(More)
Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is a group of neurodegenerative disorders characterized by atrophy of the frontal and temporal lobes. Clinical features suggestive of FTD include pre-senile onset before the age of 65, behavioral changes, social and interpersonal disinhibition, fluent and nonfluent aphasia, and loss of insight. FTD and parkinsonism linked to(More)
Almost all patients who developed autoimmune thyroid disease associated with encephalopathy were diagnosed to have Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, but a few patients with Graves’ disease who developed encephalopathy have been reported. A 36-year-old female with a 10-year history of Graves’ disease had experienced three episodes of tonic–clonic seizure. At(More)
The autoimmune disease myasthenia gravis (MG), can mimic a variety of neurological disorders leading to a delay in diagnosis and treatment. On occasions, misdiagnosis of MG could lead to unnecessary therapeutic interventions. We report the case of a 50 year-old man, in whom MG was mistaken for motor neuron disease (MND). Subsequently, correct diagnosis and(More)