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Developmental dyslexia, a severe and persistent reading and spelling impairment, is characterized by difficulties in processing speech sounds (i.e., phonemes). Here, we test the hypothesis that these phonological difficulties are associated with a dysfunction of the auditory sensory thalamus, the medial geniculate body (MGB). By using functional MRI, we(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the hormonal response to strenuous endurance exercise performed by elite athletes. METHODS Nine professional cyclists (mean (SD) age 28 (1) years; mean (SD) VO(2)MAX 75.3 (2.3) ml/kg/min) who participated in a three week tour race (Vuelta a España 1999) were selected as subjects. Morning urinary levels of 6-sulphatoxymelatonin(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine whether progressive training exercise resulted in changes in neuronal expression of c-Fos in the hypothalamic regions (paraventricular nucleus, supraoptic nucleus and suprachiasmatic nucleus) and subfornical organ of Wistar rats and its relation to hydromineral parameters such as plasma proteins, osmolality and(More)
BACKGROUND We examined predictors of early and very long-term outcome after combined mitral and tricuspid valve repair for rheumatic disease. METHODS AND RESULTS Between 1974 and 2002, 153 consecutive patients (mean age, 46.0+/-13.2 years) underwent combined mitral and tricuspid valve repair for rheumatic disease. Mitral disease was predominantly stenosis(More)
Previous data showed that aging of the central nervous system (CNS) is associated with widespread changes in tachykinin gene expression. However, there are no data about the possible role of exogenous melatonin in modulating the tachykinergic system during aging. The aim of this work was to analyze the age-dependent changes on neurokinin A (NKA) and(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of prenatal melatonin administration on the sensitivity of the androgens negative feedback effect on gonadotropin and prolactin secretion in male offspring. Male offspring of control (control-offspring) and melatonin treated (MEL-treated) (150 microg/100 g BW) mother rats during pregnancy(More)
Rat fetal adrenal cortex ultrastructure was studied in fetuses of 20 days of gestation coming from control (C) pregnant rats and from mothers undergoing two experimental conditions: maternal bilateral adrenalectomy on day 1 of gestation (ADX) and maternal bilateral adrenalectomy plus posterior dexamethasone administration the days 15, 16 and 17 of gestation(More)
The effect of pinealectomy (PIN-X) and PIN-X+melatonin treatment during pregnancy (PIN-X+MEL) 100μg/100g body weight on Substance P (SP) in the striatum was investigated in offspring female rats. Female offspring were divided into control and PIN-X at the neonatal period, and studied at days 31 and 60. PIN-X mother/control offspring showed a positive(More)
The present study examines the influence of prenatal melatonin on the hypothalamic and striatal neuropeptide Y (NPY) concentrations as well as on luteinizing hormone (LH) levels. Male rat offspring of control and melatonin treated mother rats were studied at different ages of the sexual development: infantile, prepubertal, pubertal and adult ages.(More)
The maternal pineal gland is involved in the seasonal rhythms entrainment. We evaluate the effect of maternal pinealectomy (PIN-X), also melatonin replacement (PIN-X+MEL) during pregnancy on "in vitro" gonadotropins and prolactin seasonal variations. Male offspring from control, PIN-X and PIN-X+MEL mother Wistar rats were studied at 31 and 60 days of age.(More)