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Sleep interventions may have direct effects on slow-wave activity (SWA, i.e. power of the sleep EEG signal in the 0.75-4.5 Hz range) as well as indirect ones caused by changes in REM sleep (REMS) latency. The effects of changes in REMS latency on SWA were investigated by analysing simulations with a mathematical model. Mean SWA in the first non-REMS episode(More)
In view of the opposing theories regarding the arousing or de-arousing action of total sleep deprivation (TSD) in producing antidepressant effects, 23 patients with a major depressive disorder were deprived of a night's sleep twice weekly for two weeks, and self-rated their condition 38 times using von Zerssen's scale for depression and, concurrently,(More)
In eight healthy middle-aged men, sleep and core body temperature were recorded under baseline conditions, during all-night SWS suppression by acoustic stimulation, and during undisturbed recovery sleep. SWS suppression resulted in a marked reduction of sleep stages 3 and 4 but did not affect the time course of core body temperature. These data suggest that(More)
According to a recent hypothesis the therapeutic effects of antidepressants might be related to acute or cumulative suppression of NREM sleep intensity. This intensity has been proposed to be expressed in the EEG power density in NREM sleep. In the present study the relationship was examined between the changes of EEG power density in NREM sleep and the(More)
Using a simple Van der Pol oscillator, we show that periodic events triggered by different states of the oscillator can reentrain at different rates following a phase shift of the Zeitgeber. Such differences can emerge due to waveform distortion during reentrainment, due to masking and due to fitting procedures (e.g. acrophase determination). Therefore,(More)
Activity-rest patterns displayed by an animal under various circumstances are suggested to result from the combined influences of two virtually identical circadian pacemaker components. Increased output of each component proportionally increases the probability of activity of the animal. Such a dual circadian pacemaker model explains much of the(More)
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