Sleep spindles are one of the most important short-lasting rhythmic events occurring in the EEG during Non-Rapid Eye Movement sleep. Their accurate identification in a polysomnographic signal is essential for sleep professionals to help them mark Stage 2 sleep. Visual spindle scoring however is a tedious workload, as there are often a thousand spindles in… (More)
This paper proposes a voice activity detector (VAD) that makes the speech/noise classification by applying the statistical chi-square test to each frame. It also uses a continuous update of the background noise estimate. The speech is first enhanced using a noise reduction system, with noise estimates also obtained with the help of the chi-square test. The… (More)
BACKGROUND Numerous signal processing techniques have been proposed for automated spindle detection on EEG recordings with varying degrees of success. While the latest techniques usually introduce computational complexity and/or vagueness, the conventional techniques attempted in literature have led to poor results. This study presents a spindle detection… (More)
We present a multi-tier system for the remote administration of speech therapy to children with apraxia of speech. The system uses a client-server architecture model and facilitates task-oriented remote therapeutic training in both in-home and clinical settings. Namely, the system allows a speech therapist to remotely assign speech production exercises to… (More)
We present Chill-Out, an adaptive biofeedback game that teaches relaxation skills by monitoring the breathing rate of the player. The game uses a positive feedback loop that penalizes fast breathing by means of a proportional-derivative control law: rapid (and/or increasing) breathing rates increase game difficulty and reduce the final score of the game. We… (More)
The ability to monitor stress levels in daily life can provide valuable information to patients and their caretakers, help identify potential stressors, determine appropriate interventions, and monitor their effectiveness. Wearable sensor technology makes it now possible to measure non-invasively a number of physiological correlates of stress, from skin… (More)
Seizures in the intensive care unit (ICU) tend to go unnoticed due to the absence of appropriate EEG monitoring systems resulting in high levels of mortality. This paper looks at the requirements of an automated EEG monitoring system for use in the ICU. It also investigates the current state of knowledge and highlights areas in need of further work.
We present a multitier system for the remote administration of speech therapy to children with apraxia of speech. The system uses a client-server architecture model and facilitates task-oriented remote therapeutic training in both in-home and clinical settings. The system allows a speech language pathologist (SLP) to remotely assign speech production… (More)