Learn More
To determine the protective potential of the humoral immune response against HIV-1 in vivo we evaluated the potency of three neutralizing antibodies (2G12, 2F5 and 4E10) in suppressing viral rebound in six acutely and eight chronically HIV-1-infected individuals undergoing interruption of antiretroviral treatment (ART). Only two of eight chronically(More)
Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised individuals. The epidemiology and pathogenesis of this infection are poorly understood, and the exact mode of transmission remains unclear. Recent studies reported clusters of PCP among immunocompromised patients, raising the suspicion of(More)
Based on a mathematical model, we analyze the dynamics of CD4+ cells, actively, latently, persistently, and defectively infected cells and plasma virus after initiation of antiretroviral therapy in 14 HIV-1-infected asymptomatic patients. By simultaneous fitting of our model to clinical data of plasma HIV-1 RNA, peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC)-gag(More)
BACKGROUND Although combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) initiated in the acute phase of HIV-1 infection may prevent expansion of the latent reservoir, its benefits remain controversial. In the current study, HIV-1 RNA transcription patterns in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were monitored during acute cART to assess the effect of early(More)
BACKGROUND The time passed since the infection of a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individual (the age of infection) is an important but often only poorly known quantity. We assessed whether the fraction of ambiguous nucleotides obtained from bulk sequencing as done for genotypic resistance testing can serve as a proxy of this parameter. (More)
BACKGROUND In the context of sexual transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), current findings suggest that the mucosal barrier is the major site of viral selection, transforming the complex inoculum to a small, homogeneous founder virus population. We analyzed HIV-1 transmission in relation to viral and host characteristics within the(More)
Next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies enable new insights into the diversity of virus populations within their hosts. Diversity estimation is currently restricted to single-nucleotide variants or to local fragments of no more than a few hundred nucleotides defined by the length of sequence reads. To study complex heterogeneous virus populations(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) transcription is subject to substantial fluctuation during the viral life cycle. Due to the low frequencies of HIV-1-infected cells, and because latently and productively infected cells collocate in vivo, little quantitative knowledge has been attained about the range of in vivo HIV-1 transcription in peripheral(More)
Rapid rebound of plasma viremia in patients after interruption of long-term combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) suggests persistence of low-level replicating cells or rapid reactivation of latently infected cells. To further characterize rebounding virus, we performed extensive longitudinal clonal evolutionary studies of HIV env C2-V3-C3 regions and(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate time to viral rebound in patients undergoing repeated structured treatment interruptions (STI). METHOD Fourteen chronically HIV-infected patients enrolled in the Swiss-Spanish Intermittent Treatment Trial (SSITT) underwent frequent blood sampling. Patients underwent four cycles of 2-week STI, followed by 8-week retreatment with the(More)