Learn More
Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS) is an autosomal dominant disorder of increased prenatal growth and predisposition to embryonal cancers such as Wilms tumor. BWS is thought to involve one or more imprinted genes, since some patients show paternal uniparental disomy, and others show balanced germ-line chromosomal rearrangements involving the maternal(More)
We have examined at the molecular level the CDR3 and adjacent regions in peripheral blood B lymphocytes of normal individuals. A total of 111 sequences (12-28 sequences from six individuals) were obtained after cloning of the polymerase chain reaction-amplified segments into plasmids or phage. The average length of the VDJ joining was 109 nucleotides, with(More)
The presence of multiple VHDJH joinings in upwards of 30% of acute lymphoblastic leukemias (ALL) suggests a relative instability of the rearranged immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) gene, but the mechanisms involved are not completely understood. An investigation of the structure of the VHDJH joinings using complementarity determining region (CDR)3 polymerase(More)
Preferential utilization of JH and D genes has been demonstrated in the rearranged IgH chain in human peripheral B cells. We report here that the same hierarchy of JH gene usage is observed in leukemic cells arrested in the B precursor stage of differentiation. Specifically, JH4 and JH6 accounted for 42.9% and 35.7%, respectively, of the JH gene usage in(More)
BACKGROUND Whether patients in clinical remission for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) continue to harbor leukemic cells is not known, because methods of detecting residual malignant cells have not been sufficiently sensitive. This information might be useful for predicting recurrence and determining the duration of therapy. METHODS Using a sensitive(More)
The presence of N sequences in the complementarity determining region 3 (CDR3) of the rearranged immunoglobulin H chain is developmentally regulated: N regions are generally present in the DJH joinings of adult B cells but are often absent in fetal B cells. Analysis of the CDR3 in 61 B precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemias indicated that 87.5% of the(More)
PURPOSE More than 95% of children with B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) achieve a clinical remission after the induction phase of chemotherapy (first 28 days) as evaluated by morphologic criteria. However, relapse occurs in approximately 30% of these children. The objective of this study was to determine whether the outcome of patients in(More)
PURPOSE We have investigated whether the extent of residual leukemia in the marrows obtained at the completion of chemotherapy can predict subsequent relapse in children with B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). PATIENTS AND METHODS Marrow samples of 24 patients were examined for residual disease at the end of treatment using a quantitative(More)
The distribution and frequency of point mutations in the first and second coding exons of the N-ras proto-oncogene was examined in 6 cases of Philadelphia positive (Ph+) hemopoietic malignancies. To increase the detection sensitivity of the mutations and to estimate more accurately the frequency of abnormal alleles in the hemopoietic cell population, a(More)
Genomic imprinting is an epigenetic modification in the germline leading to parental allele-specific gene expression in somatic cells. We have previously found that imprinted genes can be abnormally expressed or silenced in tumors and that the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor (CKI) CDKN1C (p57KIP2) is normally imprinted, with preferential expression of the(More)