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Neurotensin (NT), an endogenous brain-gut peptide, has a close anatomical and functional relationship with the mesocorticolimbic and neostriatal dopamine system. Dysregulation of NT neurotransmission in this system has been hypothesized to be involved in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia. Additionally, NT containing circuits have been demonstrated to(More)
Interactions between the classical monoamine neurotransmitter dopamine (DA) and the peptide neurotransmitter neurotensin (NT) in the central nervous system (CNS) have now been investigated for over two decades. Interest in this topic has been sustained, primarily because of the potential clinical relevance of these interactions to schizophrenia and drug(More)
This study explores whether inflammatory biomarkers act as moderators of clinical response to omega-3 (n-3) fatty acids in subjects with major depressive disorder (MDD). One hundred fifty-five subjects with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition (DSM-IV) MDD, a baseline 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D-17) score ⩾(More)
BACKGROUND Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with altered concentrations of stress-related neurohormones, neurotrophins, and neuropeptides in plasma and serum; however, few studies have examined central alterations of these measures in individuals with PTSD. Furthermore, no study to date has evaluated the effects of successful(More)
It has become increasingly clear that schizophrenia does not result from the dysfunction of a single neurotransmitter system, but rather pathologic alterations of several interacting systems. Targeting of neuropeptide neuromodulator systems, capable of concomitantly regulating several transmitter systems, represents a promising approach for the development(More)
Quetiapine is a novel dibenzothiazepine atypical antipsychotic. Quetiapine shows affinity for various neurotransmitter receptors including serotonin, dopamine, histamine, and adrenergic receptors and has binding characteristics at the dopamine-2 receptor similar to those of clozapine. In animal models, the drug has a preclinical profile suggestive of(More)
BACKGROUND Pharmacologic treatment options for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are limited in number and effectiveness. Medications currently in use to treat PTSD were originally approved based on their efficacy in other disorders, such as major depression. Substantial research in PTSD suggests that increased activity of corticotropin releasing hormone(More)
Individuals vary substantially in their vulnerability to physical and psychosocial stressors. The causes of such variation in susceptibility to stress are poorly understood, but are thought to relate in part to genetic factors. The present study evaluated the extent to which polymorphisms in the gene encoding the serotonin reuptake transporter (5HTTLPR or(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors tested the hypothesis that concentrations of the pain-transmitting neuropeptide substance P are elevated in the CSF of patients with major depression or posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which have overlapping symptoms. The authors also sought to determine if CNS substance P concentrations change on provocation of symptoms in PTSD(More)
The search for the underlying pathophysiology of schizophrenia has been an active avenue of investigation since the disease was first recognized more than 100 years ago. Although a great deal of the research has been driven by the known pharmacology of effective antipsychotic drugs, i.e., overactivity of the dopamine system, recent advances in neurobiology(More)