Beatriz Suarez-Alvarez

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BACKGROUND Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) are an attractive resource for new therapeutic approaches that involve tissue regeneration. hESCs have exhibited low immunogenicity due to low levels of Mayor Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) class-I and absence of MHC class-II expression. Nevertheless, the mechanisms regulating MHC expression in hESCs had not(More)
KIR and HLA loci are both highly polymorphic, and some HLA class 1 products bind and trigger cell-surface receptors specified by KIR genes. We examined whether KIR genes act in concert with HLA-B locus to control HIV-1 infection in a sample of Zambian patients. DNA samples from 88 Zambian patients with HIV-1 were examined. Patients were classified as either(More)
The longevity-promoting NAD+-dependent class III histone deacetylase Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) is involved in stem cell function by controlling cell fate decision and/or by regulating the p53-dependent expression of NANOG. We show that SIRT1 is down-regulated precisely during human embryonic stem cell differentiation at both mRNA and protein levels and that the(More)
Global mechanisms defining the gene expression programs specific for hematopoiesis are still not fully understood. Here, we show that promoter DNA demethylation is associated with the activation of hematopoietic-specific genes. Using genome-wide promoter methylation arrays, we identified 694 hematopoietic-specific genes repressed by promoter DNA methylation(More)
Proinflammatory cytokines contribute to renal injury, but the downstream effectors within kidney cells are not well understood. One candidate effector is Klotho, a protein expressed by renal cells that has antiaging properties; Klotho-deficient mice have an accelerated aging-like phenotype, including vascular injury and renal injury. Whether proinflammatory(More)
NKG2D is an activating receptor expressed by NK and T cells. NKG2D ligands show a restricted expression in normal tissues, but they are frequently overexpressed in cancer and infected cells. The binding of NKG2D to its ligands activates NK and T cells and promotes cytotoxic lysis of the cells expressing these molecules. The mechanisms involved in the(More)
The role of MICA antibodies in acute heart allograft rejection was examined utilizing 190 pre- and post-transplant serum samples from 44 patients collected during the first year after transplantation. MICA antibodies were detected by CDC test on recombinant cell lines and by the newly developed Luminex MICA antibody detection assay. Additionally, MICA(More)
NKG2D is one of the best characterized activating receptors on Natural Killer (NK) and CD8+ T cells. This receptor recognizes several different ligands (MICA/MICB and ULBPs) induced by cellular stress and infection. In addition to the role described in cancer surveillance, recent data highlight the importance of NKG2D and its ligands in organ(More)
BACKGROUND Several reports showed a contribution of anti-MICA (major histocompatibility complex class I chain-related molecule A) antibodies (Abs) to the development of acute and chronic rejection. Identification of the epitopes to which the Abs bind may help to determine immunoreactive regions essential for the major histocompatibility complex(More)
The human activating receptor NKG2D is mainly expressed by NK, NKT, γδ T and CD8(+) T cells and, under certain conditions, by CD4(+) T cells. This receptor recognizes a diverse family of ligands (MICA, MICB and ULBPs 1-6) leading to the activation of effector cells and triggering the lysis of target cells. The NKG2D receptor-ligand system plays an important(More)