Beatriz Somoza

Learn More
Perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT) plays a paracrine role in regulating vascular tone. We hypothesize that PVAT undergoes adaptative mechanisms during initial steps of diet-induced obesity (DIO) which contribute to preserve vascular function. Four-week-old male C57BL/6J mice were assigned either to a control [low-fat (LF); 10% kcal from fat] or to a(More)
The objective of this work was to characterize the adaptation of cardiac metabolism to a lipid overload in a model of diet-induced obesity (DIO) in mice. After 8 wk dietary treatment, mice receiving a high-fat diet exhibited an increase in the amount of adipose tissue, accompanied by a surge in plasma leptin concentration (from 5.4-16.0 ng/ml). This was(More)
We have previously developed a method for estimating elastin content and organization in resistance arteries, where it is a minor component. The aim of the present study was to validate the method against a quantitative assay and to determine the relative importance of elastin content and organization for intrinsic elasticity of small arteries. Mesenteric(More)
SCOPE Activation of endothelial adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) contributes to increase nitric oxide (NO) availability. The aim of this study was to assess if high-fat diet (HFD)-induced endothelial dysfunction is linked to AMPK deregulation. METHODS AND RESULTS Twelve-week-old Sprague Dawley male rats were assigned either to(More)
BACKGROUND The hypothesis of this study is that long-term high-fat diets (HFD) induce perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT) dysfunction characterized by a redox imbalance, which might contribute to aggravate endothelial dysfunction in obesity. METHODS AND RESULTS C57BL/6J mice were fed either control or HFD (45% kcal from fat) for 32 weeks. Body weight,(More)
Chronic hypertension is associated with resistance artery remodelling and mechanical alterations. However, the contribution of elastin has not been thoroughly studied. Our objective was to evaluate the role of elastin in vascular remodelling of mesenteric resistance arteries (MRA) from spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). MRA segments from Wistar Kyoto(More)
Perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT) releases several important vasoactive factors with physiological and pathophysiological paracrine effects. A large body of evidence suggests regional phenotypic and functional differences among PVAT depots, depending on the specific vascular bed or different regions in the vascular bed where the PVAT is located. These(More)
Leptin is an adipocyte-derived hormone which stimulates β-oxidation in peripheral tissues and prevents steatosis. Because leptin production naturally increases during adult life, we have hypothesized that leptin receptors might undergo a physiological and gradual desensitization during ageing. Therefore we have characterized in three- five- and ten-month(More)
The present study explores the contribution of alterations in resting tone to cerebral artery narrowing in SHRs (spontaneously hypertensive rats) and the role of hypertension development. Young pre-hypertensive and adult fully hypertensive SHRs and age-matched Wistar-Kyoto rat controls were used. The contribution of basal vasoactive factors to resting tone(More)
In the course of screening natural products for smooth muscle relaxant properties, the effects of constituents of Satureja obovata var. obovata (Lamiaceae) on vascular reactivity experiments were studied. Bioassay-guided fractionation led to pure vasodilator compounds, identified by spectroscopic methods as the flavonoids: naringenin, eriodictyol, and(More)