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BACKGROUND Heat-sterilized, single-chambered, glucose-containing peritoneal dialysis solutions promote neutrophil apoptosis and impair the peritoneal antibacterial response. It has been proposed that glucose degradation products may be responsible for this effect. However, the precise contribution of individual glucose degradation products had not been(More)
The NF-kappaB family of transcription factors regulates the induction and resolution of inflammation. Two main pathways, classical and alternative, control the nuclear translocation of NF-kappaB. Classical NF-kappaB activation is usually a rapid and transient response to a wide range of stimuli whose main effector is RelA/p50. The alternative NF-kappaB(More)
Insulin signaling to the glomerular podocyte is important for normal kidney function and is implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy (DN). This study determined the role of the insulin receptor substrate 2 (IRS2) in this system. Conditionally immortalized murine podocytes were generated from wild-type (WT) and insulin receptor substrate(More)
Apoptotic cell death is usually a response to the cell microenvironment. Apoptosis requires the activation of lethal molecules and the inactivation of prosurvival ones. Both are potential therapeutic targets. Apoptosis contributes to parenchymal cell loss in the course of acute and chronic renal injury. Apoptotic pathways that are active in glomerular and(More)
Exposure to non-physiological solutions during peritoneal dialysis (PD) produces structural alterations to the peritoneal membrane and ultrafiltration dysfunction. The high concentration of glucose and glucose degradation products in standard PD fluids induce a local diabetic environment, which leads to the formation of advanced glycation end products(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK) regulates apoptosis, proliferation and inflammation in renal epithelial cells and plays a role in acute kidney injury. However, there is little information on the chronic effects of TWEAK. We hypothesized that TWEAK may influence renal fibrosis and regulate kidney fibroblast biology, in part,(More)
BACKGROUND The 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoA reductase inhibitors (also called statins) exert proven beneficial effects on cardiovascular diseases. Recent data suggest a protective role for Transforming Growth Factor-beta (TGF-beta) in atherosclerosis by regulating the balance between inflammation and extracellular matrix accumulation. However, there are(More)
Apoptotic cell death contributes to diabetic nephropathy (DN), but its role is not well understood. The tubulointerstitium from DN biopsy specimens was microdissected, and expression profiles of genes related to apoptosis were analyzed. A total of 112 (25%) of 455 cell death-related genes were found to be significantly differentially regulated. Among those(More)
Breakdown of glucose under physiological conditions gives rise to glucose degradation products (GDPs). GDPs are also formed during heat sterilization of glucose-containing peritoneal dialysis fluids (PD-fluids). In PD-fluids GDPs have been shown in many different in vitro assays to be responsible for adverse effects such as growth inhibition, and impaired(More)
Mesothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (MMT) is an auto-regulated physiological process of tissue repair that in uncontrolled conditions such as peritoneal dialysis (PD) can lead to peritoneal fibrosis. The maximum expression of peritoneal fibrosis induced by PD fluids and other peritoneal processes is the encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) for which(More)