Beatriz Prieto-Simon

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This article describes the different types of marine toxins and their toxic effects, and reviews the bio/analytical techniques for their detection, putting special emphasis to biosensors. Important health concerns have recently appeared around shellfish (diarrheic, paralytic, amnesic, neurologic and azaspiracid) and fish (ciguatera and puffer) poisonings(More)
This article gives an overview of the electrochemical biosensors that incorporate genetically modified enzymes. Firstly, the improvements on the sensitivity and selectivity of biosensors that integrate mutated enzymes are summarised. Next, new trends focused on the oriented immobilisation of mutated enzymes through specific functional groups located at(More)
Five different clones of antibodies developed against the aflatoxin M(1) were investigated by using the classical indirect and direct competitive Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) formats, and also the direct competitive ELISA based on the use of the superparamagnetic nanoparticles. The purpose of this study was to assess if not so friendly time(More)
This review gives a survey on the state of the art of pesticide detection using flow-based biosensing systems for sample screening. Although immunosensor systems have been proposed as powerful pesticide monitoring tools, this review is mainly focused on enzyme-based biosensors, as they are the most commonly employed when using a flow system. Among the(More)
The presence of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli bacteria in food can cause serious foodborne disease outbreaks. Early detection and identification of these pathogens is extremely important for public health and safety. Here we present a highly sensitive label-free immunosensor for the detection of pathogenic E. coli O157:H7. Anti-E. coli antibodies were(More)
Two strategies were investigated for the development of lactate biosensors based on sol-gel matrixes and polysulfone composite films, both containing L-lactate dehydrogenase (LDH). Firstly, reagentless disposable screen-printed electrodes (SPE's) with Meldola's Blue (MB) and the cofactor NAD(+) inside a sol-gel matrix were prepared. These showed relatively(More)
Due to the large amounts of pesticides commonly used and their impact on health, prompt and accurate pesticide analysis is important. This review gives an overview of recent advances and new trends in biosensors for pesticide detection. Optical, electrochemical and piezoelectric biosensors have been reported based on the detection method. In this review(More)
This work presents a comparative study between two different methods for the preparation of mediator-modified screen-printed electrodes, to be used as detectors in a reliable flow injection system for the determination of the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) coenzyme. The best strategy was selected for the final development of compact biosensors(More)
We report an aptasensor for biosensing of Ochratoxin A (OTA) using aptamer-DNAzyme hairpin as biorecognition element. The structure of this engineered nucleic acid includes the horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-mimicking DNAzyme and the OTA specific aptamer sequences. A blocking tail captures a part of these sequences in the stem region of the hairpin. In the(More)
The increasing concern about ochratoxin A (OTA) contamination of different food and feedstuffs demands high-performing detection techniques for quality assessment. Two indirect competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) strategies were investigated for the development of OTA electrochemical immunosensors based on different OTA immobilisation(More)