Jorgina Satrústegui10
Irene Llorente-Folch8
Takeyori Saheki8
10Jorgina Satrústegui
8Irene Llorente-Folch
8Takeyori Saheki
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The glutamate-glutamine cycle faces a drain of glutamate by oxidation, which is balanced by the anaplerotic synthesis of glutamate and glutamine in astrocytes. De novo synthesis of glutamate by astrocytes requires an amino group whose origin is unknown. The deficiency in Aralar/AGC1, the main mitochondrial carrier for aspartate-glutamate expressed in brain,(More)
Aralar, the neuronal Ca(2+)-binding mitochondrial aspartate-glutamate carrier, has Ca(2+) binding domains facing the extramitochondrial space and functions in the malate-aspartate NADH shuttle (MAS). Here we showed that MAS activity in brain mitochondria is stimulated by extramitochondrial Ca(2+) with an S(0.5) of 324 nM. By employing primary neuronal(More)
Aralar1 and citrin are two isoforms of the mitochondrial carrier of aspartate-glutamate (AGC), a calcium regulated carrier, which is important in the malate-aspartate NADH shuttle. The expression and cell distribution of aralar1 and citrin in brain cells has been studied during development in vitro and in vivo. Aralar1 is the only isoform expressed in(More)
We studied the emergence of cell assemblies out of a locally connected random network of 10,000 integrate-and-fire units distributed on a 100×100 2D lattice. The network was composed of 80% excitatory and 20% inhibitory units with balanced excitatory/inhibitory synaptic weights. Excitatory–excitatory synapses were modified according to a(More)
Neuronal respiration is controlled by ATP demand and Ca2+ but the roles played by each are unknown, as any Ca2+ signal also impacts on ATP demand. Ca2+ can control mitochondrial function through Ca2+-regulated mitochondrial carriers, the aspartate-glutamate and ATP-Mg/Pi carriers, ARALAR/AGC1 and SCaMC-3, respectively, or in the matrix after Ca2+ transport(More)
The aralar/AGC1 knockout (KO) mouse shows a drastic decrease in brain aspartate and N-acetylaspartate levels and global hypomyelination, which are attributed to the lack of neuron-produced NAA used by oligodendrocytes as precursor of myelin lipid synthesis. In addition, these mice have a gradual drop in brain glutamine synthesis. We show here that(More)
Glutamate excitotoxicity is caused by sustained activation of neuronal NMDA receptors causing a large Ca(2+) and Na(+) influx, activation of poly(ADP ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1), and delayed Ca(2+) deregulation. Mitochondria undergo early changes in membrane potential during excitotoxicity, but their precise role in these events is still controversial.(More)
  • Irene Llorente-Folch, Ignasi Sahún, Laura Contreras, María José Casarejos, Josep María Grau, Takeyori Saheki +4 others
  • 2013
The mitochondrial transporter of aspartate-glutamate Aralar/AGC1 is a regulatory component of the malate-aspartate shuttle. Aralar deficiency in mouse and human causes a shutdown of brain shuttle activity and global cerebral hypomyelination. A lack of neurofilament-labeled processes is detected in the cerebral cortex, but whether different types of neurons(More)
The deficiency in the mitochondrial aspartate/glutamate transporter Aralar/AGC1 results in a loss of the malate-aspartate NADH shuttle in the brain neurons, hypomyelination, and additional defects in the brain metabolism. We studied the development of cortico/hippocampal local field potential (LFP) in Aralar/AGC1 knockout (KO) mice. Laminar profiles of LFP,(More)