Beatriz Munoz

Learn More
OBJECTIVE To estimate the prevalence and distribution of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in the United States by age, race/ethnicity, and gender. METHODS Summary prevalence estimates of drusen 125 microm or larger, neovascular AMD, and geographic atrophy were prepared separately for black and white persons in 5-year age intervals starting at 40(More)
OBJECTIVES Previous cross-sectional studies have shown a correlation between falls and fear of falling, but it is unclear which comes first. Our objectives were to determine the temporal relationship between falls and fear of falling, and to see whether these two outcomes share predictors. DESIGN A 20-month, population-based, prospective, observational(More)
OBJECTIVES To estimate the cause-specific prevalence and distribution of blindness and low vision in the United States by age, race/ethnicity, and gender, and to estimate the change in these prevalence figures over the next 20 years. METHODS Summary prevalence estimates of blindness (both according to the US definition of < or =6/60 [< or =20/200](More)
OBJECTIVES Trachoma is the principal cause of infectious blindness. As part of its strategy to eliminate trachoma, the World Health Organization recommends annual mass antibiotic treatment for at least 3 years with an 80% population coverage target. However, to date, ideal population coverage and mass treatment duration have not been determined and further(More)
BACKGROUND Antibiotics are an important part of WHO's strategy to eliminate trachoma as a blinding disease by 2020. At present, who needs to be treated is unclear. We aimed to establish the burden of ocular Chlamydia trachomatis in three trachoma-endemic communities in Tanzania and The Gambia with real-time quantitative PCR. METHODS Conjunctival swabs(More)
The relationship between exposure to sunlight and senile cataract, age-related macular degeneration, pterygium, and climatic droplet keratopathy was examined in 838 watermen who work on the Chesapeake Bay. The presence and severity of lenticular, corneal, and macular changes were assessed by either clinical examination or from stereo macular photographs.(More)
PURPOSE To study the demographics and estimate the prevalence of dry eye among elderly Americans. METHODS A population-based prevalence study was performed in 2,520 residents of Salisbury, Maryland, aged 65 years and older as of September 1993. The population was derived from the Health Care Financing Administration Medicare database. After completing a(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of glaucoma in a population-based sample of Hispanic adults older than 40 years. METHODS Using 1990 census data for Arizona, groups of persons living in sections of the city in Nogales and Tucson were randomly selected with a probability proportional to the Hispanic population older than 40 years. We tried to recruit(More)
PURPOSE The Salisbury Eye Evaluation Project is a longitudinal study of risk factors for age-related eye diseases and the impact of eye disease and visual impairment on physical disability. In this article, the authors report the prevalence of visual impairment in their population and explore the relations among the various measures of visual function. (More)
PURPOSE This report examines the relationship between psychophysical measures of visual impairment and self-reported difficulty with everyday visual tasks in a population-based sample of individuals 65 years of age and older. METHODS Community-dwelling residents (n = 2520) of Salisbury, MD, between the ages of 65 and 84 were recruited for the study.(More)