Beatriz Merino

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Obesity and high-fat (HF) diets have a deleterious impact on hippocampal function and lead to impaired synaptic plasticity and learning deficits. Because all of these processes need an adequate glutamatergic transmission, we have hypothesized that nutritional imbalance triggered by these diets might eventually concern glutamate (Glu) neural pathways within(More)
Pancreatic α cells are exposed to metabolic stress during the evolution of type 2 diabetes (T2D), but it remains unclear whether this affects their survival. We used electron microscopy to search for markers of apoptosis and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in α and β cells in islets from T2D or non-diabetic individuals. There was a significant increase in(More)
Recent studies provide evidence that high-fat diets (HF) trigger both i) a deficit of reward responses linked to a decrease of mesolimbic dopaminergic activity, and ii) a disorganization of circadian feeding behavior that switch from a structured meal-based schedule to a continuous snacking, even during periods normally devoted to rest. This feeding pattern(More)
The objective of this work was to characterize the adaptation of cardiac metabolism to a lipid overload in a model of diet-induced obesity (DIO) in mice. After 8 wk dietary treatment, mice receiving a high-fat diet exhibited an increase in the amount of adipose tissue, accompanied by a surge in plasma leptin concentration (from 5.4-16.0 ng/ml). This was(More)
It has been suggested that hyperglycemia and insulin resistance triggered by energy-dense diets can account for hippocampal damage and deficits of cognitive behaviour. We wonder if the impairment of learning and memory processes detected in diet-induced obese (DIO) mice is linked to diet composition itself. With this purpose we have evaluated learning(More)
Leptin is an adipocyte-derived hormone which stimulates β-oxidation in peripheral tissues and prevents steatosis. Because leptin production naturally increases during adult life, we have hypothesized that leptin receptors might undergo a physiological and gradual desensitization during ageing. Therefore we have characterized in three- five- and ten-month(More)
Alterations during development of metabolic key organs such as the endocrine pancreas affect the phenotype later in life. There is evidence that in utero or perinatal exposure to bisphenol-A (BPA) leads to impaired glucose metabolism during adulthood. However, how BPA exposure during pregnancy affects pancreatic β-cell growth and function in offspring(More)
Obesity is frequently associated with insulin resistance. To compensate for this situation and maintain normoglycaemia, pancreatic beta-cells undergo several morphofunctional adaptations, which result in insulin hypersecretion and hyperinsulinaemia. However, no information exists about pancreatic alpha-cells during this compensatory stage of obesity. Here,(More)
Insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia are generally associated with obesity. Obese nondiabetic individuals develop a compensatory β-cell response to adjust insulin levels to the increased demand, maintaining euglycemia. Although several studies indicate that this compensation relies on structural changes, the existence of β-cell functional adaptations is(More)