Beatriz Merino

Learn More
It has been suggested that hyperglycemia and insulin resistance triggered by energy-dense diets can account for hippocampal damage and deficits of cognitive behaviour. We wonder if the impairment of learning and memory processes detected in diet-induced obese (DIO) mice is linked to diet composition itself. With this purpose we have evaluated learning(More)
The objective of this work was to characterize the adaptation of cardiac metabolism to a lipid overload in a model of diet-induced obesity (DIO) in mice. After 8 wk dietary treatment, mice receiving a high-fat diet exhibited an increase in the amount of adipose tissue, accompanied by a surge in plasma leptin concentration (from 5.4-16.0 ng/ml). This was(More)
Obesity is frequently associated with insulin resistance. To compensate for this situation and maintain normoglycaemia, pancreatic beta-cells undergo several morphofunctional adaptations, which result in insulin hypersecretion and hyperinsulinaemia. However, no information exists about pancreatic alpha-cells during this compensatory stage of obesity. Here,(More)
Obesity and high-fat (HF) diets have a deleterious impact on hippocampal function and lead to impaired synaptic plasticity and learning deficits. Because all of these processes need an adequate glutamatergic transmission, we have hypothesized that nutritional imbalance triggered by these diets might eventually concern glutamate (Glu) neural pathways within(More)
Recent studies provide evidence that high-fat diets (HF) trigger both i) a deficit of reward responses linked to a decrease of mesolimbic dopaminergic activity, and ii) a disorganization of circadian feeding behavior that switch from a structured meal-based schedule to a continuous snacking, even during periods normally devoted to rest. This feeding pattern(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated that the rat adipose tissue expresses some of the components necessary for the production of angiotensin II (Ang II) and the receptors mediating its actions. The aim of this work is to characterize the expression of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) components in perivascular adipose tissue and to assess differences in the(More)
Pancreatic α cells are exposed to metabolic stress during the evolution of type 2 diabetes (T2D), but it remains unclear whether this affects their survival. We used electron microscopy to search for markers of apoptosis and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in α and β cells in islets from T2D or non-diabetic individuals. There was a significant increase in(More)
Highly trained athletes have an increased risk of atrial arrhythmias. Atrial geometrical and functional remodeling may be the underlying substrate. We analyze and relate atrial size, deformation and performance in professional handball players compared with non-sportive subjects. 24 Professional handball players and 20 non-sportive males were compared. All(More)
Disruption of pancreatic clock genes impairs pancreatic beta-cell function, leading to the onset of diabetes. Despite the importance of pancreatic alpha-cells in the regulation of glucose homeostasis and in diabetes pathophysiology, nothing is known about the role of clock genes in these cells. Here, we identify the clock gene Rev-erb alpha as a new(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Leptin regulates energy expenditure and body weight by acting both on the hypothalamus and on peripheral targets. Central actions of leptin are enhanced by cholecystokinin (CCK). The interaction between leptin and CCK makes physiological sense, as rats lacking CCK1 receptors are resistant to peripheral leptin but not to leptin(More)