Beatriz Merino

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It has been suggested that hyperglycemia and insulin resistance triggered by energy-dense diets can account for hippocampal damage and deficits of cognitive behaviour. We wonder if the impairment of learning and memory processes detected in diet-induced obese (DIO) mice is linked to diet composition itself. With this purpose we have evaluated learning(More)
Obesity and high-fat (HF) diets have a deleterious impact on hippocampal function and lead to impaired synaptic plasticity and learning deficits. Because all of these processes need an adequate glutamatergic transmission, we have hypothesized that nutritional imbalance triggered by these diets might eventually concern glutamate (Glu) neural pathways within(More)
Recent studies provide evidence that high-fat diets (HF) trigger both i) a deficit of reward responses linked to a decrease of mesolimbic dopaminergic activity, and ii) a disorganization of circadian feeding behavior that switch from a structured meal-based schedule to a continuous snacking, even during periods normally devoted to rest. This feeding pattern(More)
Highly trained athletes have an increased risk of atrial arrhythmias. Atrial geometrical and functional remodeling may be the underlying substrate. We analyze and relate atrial size, deformation and performance in professional handball players compared with non-sportive subjects. 24 Professional handball players and 20 non-sportive males were compared. All(More)
Disruption of pancreatic clock genes impairs pancreatic beta-cell function, leading to the onset of diabetes. Despite the importance of pancreatic alpha-cells in the regulation of glucose homeostasis and in diabetes pathophysiology, nothing is known about the role of clock genes in these cells. Here, we identify the clock gene Rev-erb alpha as a new(More)
Pancreatic α cells are exposed to metabolic stress during the evolution of type 2 diabetes (T2D), but it remains unclear whether this affects their survival. We used electron microscopy to search for markers of apoptosis and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in α and β cells in islets from T2D or non-diabetic individuals. There was a significant increase in(More)
Regulation of body weight (BW) results from the interplay between different hormonal systems acting at central and peripheral level. This study aims at characterizing the involvement of cholecystokinin (CCK) in BW and energy balance regulation. We have characterized, in free-feeding rats, the effect of CCK-8 on 1) food intake, BW, and adiposity; 2) skeletal(More)
Two types of leptin receptors (Ob-R) are structurally and functionally characterized. The Ob-Ra, also called short form of leptin receptor, and the Ob-Rb, which is functionally coupled to intracellular signalling pathways. In the CNS, the Ob-Ra is mainly present in the choroid plexus and in the blood-brain barrier and it is involved in leptin transport from(More)
Glucocorticoid (GC)-based therapies can cause insulin resistance (IR), glucose intolerance, hyperglycemia and, occasionally, overt diabetes. Understanding the mechanisms behind these metabolic disorders could improve the management of glucose homeostasis in patients undergoing GC treatment. For this purpose, adult rats were treated with a daily injection of(More)