Beatriz Martínez

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s-Triazine ring compounds are common industrial chemicals: pesticides, resin intermediates, dyes, and explosives. The fate of these compounds in the environment is directly correlated with the ability of microbes to metabolize them. Microbes metabolize melamine and the triazine herbicides such as atrazine via enzyme-catalyzed hydrolysis reactions.(More)
The endolysin gene (lysH5) from the genome of the Staphylococcus aureus bacteriophage PhiH5 was cloned in Escherichia coli and characterized. The lysH5 gene encoded a protein (LysH5) whose calculated molecular mass and pI were 53.7 kDa and 8.7, respectively. Comparative analysis revealed that LysH5 significantly resembled other murein hydrolases encoded by(More)
In recent years it has become widely recognized that bacteriophages have several potential applications in the food industry. They have been proposed as alternatives to antibiotics in animal health, as biopreservatives in food and as tools for detecting pathogenic bacteria throughout the food chain. Bacteriophages are viruses that only infect and lyse(More)
The structure of the crystallisation domain, SAN, of the S(A)-protein of Lactobacillus acidophilus ATCC 4356 was analysed by insertion and deletion mutagenesis, and by proteolytic treatment. Mutant S(A)-protein synthesised in Escherichia coli with 7-13 amino acid insertions near the N terminus or within regions of sequence variation in SAN (amino acid(More)
The prevalence of bacteriophages infecting Staphylococcus aureus in dairy samples was assessed. Fourteen Staph. aureus strains were used in enrichment cultures of 75 dairy samples. All samples grew specific Staph. aureus bacteriophages. According to the host range, 8 different phages were isolated. Three of them, phages PhiH5, PhiG7, and PhiA72, were found(More)
Staphylococcus epidermidis is a commensal bacterium but can colonize the hospital environment due to its ability to form biofilms favouring adhesion to host tissues, medical devices and increasing resistance to antibiotics. In this context, the use of phages to destroy biofilms is an interesting alternative. The complete genomes of two Staphylococcus(More)
To date, most members of the Siphoviridae family of bacteriophages remain unclassified, including the 46 staphylococcal phages for which the complete genome sequences have been deposited in public databases. Comparative nucleotide and protein sequence analysis, in addition to available data on phage morphology, allowed us to propose three new phage genera(More)
Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis IPLA 972 was shown to produce a bacteriocin which had a bactericidal effect on sensitive lactococci. Production of lactococcin 972 reached a maximum during the late-exponential phase of growth. The bacteriocinogenic activity was heat-sensitive, active in the pH range 40-9.0 and showed low susceptibility to proteases.(More)
Synthesis of lactococcin 972 is plasmid-encoded. An operon composed of two genes that encode pre-bacteriocin and a putative immunity protein has been identified. The first gene encodes a 91-residue polypeptide that is exported via a sec-dependent system to give the mature 66-aa bacteriocin. The immunity protein is a 563-residue polypeptide with seven(More)
Biofilms are a common cause of food contamination with undesirable bacteria, such as pathogenic bacteria. Staphylococcus aureus is one of the major bacteria causing food-borne diseases in humans. A study designed to determine the presence of S. aureus on food contact surfaces in dairy, meat, and seafood environments and to identify coexisting microbiota has(More)