Beatriz Magalhães Castro

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Anti-proteinase 3 anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (anti-PR3 ANCA) represent an established serologic marker of active granulomatosis with polyangiitis, but their role as a serologic marker in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) remains uncertain. This study evaluates the presence of anti-PR3 ANCA and their validity as a serologic marker to aid in the(More)
BACKGROUND The "fitness" of an infectious pathogen is defined as the ability of the pathogen to survive, reproduce, be transmitted, and cause disease. The fitness of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDRTB) relative to drug-susceptible tuberculosis is cited as one of the most important determinants of MDRTB spread and epidemic size. To estimate the relative(More)
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains belonging to sequence type (ST) 398 are being reported with increasing frequency in Europe and other countries. This MRSA type has been isolated from colonized and infected animals and humans. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of nasal MRSA carriage in pigs and pig workers. A(More)
Clonal distribution of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in hospitals may differ according to the geographic location and time period. Knowledge of MRSA clonal epidemiology in hospital settings involves much more than the study of healthcare-associated MRSA (HA-MRSA) clones. In recent years, investigators have documented the introduction of(More)
The aim of the study was to detect the prevalence of CTX-M-type extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBL) in Escherichia coli strains isolated in healthy chickens at poultry farms in Tenerife, Spain. From November 2012 to February 2013, 260 live chickens were screened. Samples were cultured in chromogenic media. Suspect strains were identified by Vitek 2 system(More)
This poster proposes a discussion on concepts evolving from the role of digital libraries on the preservation of tangible and intangible cultural inheritance, including concepts developed in 2003 by UNESCO and the World Summit on the Information Society. It further describes the construction and design process leading to the development of BDB-MUS –(More)
The incidence and prevalence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have distinctly changed over the past decades throughout Europe. From former North-South and West-East risk gradients, nowadays, classic high-risk areas for IBD in North and West present more stable incidences whereas in formerly low-risk zones the incidence is rising. These changes cannot be(More)
BACKGROUND Active surveillance systems are effective in reducing health care-associated infections caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Nonetheless, some patients develop MRSA infection despite control measures. We tried to identify risk factors related to the appearance of MRSA at sites other than the nasal fossa in patients who(More)
The bioreduction of soluble hexavalent uranium (U(VI)) to insoluble tetravalent uranium (U(IV)) is an attractive bioremediation strategy for the clean-up of contaminated groundwater. High levels of the common occurring co-contaminant, nitrate (NO3(-)), can potentially interfere with uranium bioremediation. In this study, treatment of a synthetic groundwater(More)