Learn More
The aim of this study was to evaluate the endogenous alterations of the antioxidant enzymes in tumor cells and to specifically compensate the resulting changes in the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) to control the malignant growth. We determined and compared the activities of antioxidant enzymes and the levels of superoxide anion (O2*-) and hydrogen(More)
Carbamide Peroxide is routinely employed as a whitener for tooth enamel. Oral mucosa protection is recommended to avoid inflammatory reactions. Experimental work has demonstrated its irritative effect on gastric mucosa when swallowed. The activity of certain oxidizing agents as tumoral promoters has been demonstrated and associated to their capacity to(More)
We have reported previously that the histamine H(2) receptor (H(2)R) can stimulate the phospholipase C (PLC) signaling pathway in mouse keratinocytes. In the present work, we examined the physiological mechanisms involved in this activation by studying histamine metabolism and H(2)R expression and coupling during mouse keratinocyte differentiation.(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze the bioreduction of 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) on a per cell basis and evaluate its modulation as a function of different stages of cell metabolism. STUDY DESIGN Following MTT bioreduction, total optical density (TOD), cell area and specific activity (TOD/area) of V79 cells and cultured(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate oxidative bursts induced by phorbol myristate acetate in phagocytes at the single-cell level by automated image analysis. STUDY DESIGN The generation of reactive oxygen species was quantitatively expressed by means of histograms displaying the percentage of cells corresponding to each of the total optical densities measured. (More)
Immunosenescence is an age-associated dysregulation of the immune function, which contributes to increased susceptibility to disease in the elderly. Alveolar macrophages (AM) are known phagocytes that generate reactive oxygen species (ROS) and nitric oxide (NO), essential mediators for host defence. We studied phagocytosis, ROS and NO production in AM(More)
It has been reported in vitro that during the respiratory burst of phagocytic cells the superoxide anion production per cell shows a negative relation with the cell density. This process has been described as autoregulation. The aim of this work was to analyze the superoxide anion production in thioglycollate-elicited peritoneal macrophage exudates to(More)
Arsenic pollution has become increasingly severe. It occurs as the result of geological processes and different human activities. Arsenic toxicity at the respiratory level occurs mainly by inhalation of products of coal combustion. The aim of this study was to evaluate sodium arsenite (As(3+)) toxicity in murine alveolar macrophages (AMs) in vitro and its(More)
The effect of ionizing radiation on metabolic functions of alveolar macrophages (AM) have been well studied. However, variations associated to age have not been established yet. The aim of this work was to perform a comparative study on irradiated alveolar macrophages from young and aged rat lungs. Cell viability and occurrence of apoptosis as well as(More)
MTT is taken up by cells by endocytosis and reduced to formazan in the endosomal/lysosomal compartment. Formazan is deposited intracellularly as blue granules and is later exocytosed as needle-like formazan crystals. The present study involves an analysis of the pattern of exocytosis of MTT in different cell types showing clearcut differences in the(More)