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The gustatory centers (vagal lobes and facial lobe) and the tegment of the posterior rhombencephalon of the Iberian barb (Barbus comiza) have been studied using anti-glial fibrillary acidic protein (anti-GFAP) and anti-vimentin immunohistochemical techniques. GFAP immunoreactivity was found in the tegment and in a part of the vagal lobes while vimentin(More)
Glutamine synthetase (GS) in brain is located mainly in astrocytes. One of the primary roles of astrocytes is to protect neurons against excitotoxicity by taking up excess ammonia and glutamate and converting it into glutamine via the enzyme GS. Changes in GS expression may reflect changes in astroglial function, which can affect neuronal functions.(More)
The distribution and the structural, ultrastructural and immunohistochemical characteristics of the astroglial cells in the spinal cord of the adult barbel (Barbus comiza) have been studied by means of metallic impregnations (Golgi and gold-sublimate), immunohistochemical (GFAP and vimentin) and electron microscopic techniques. GFAP-positive cells were(More)
The phylogenetic evolution was studied of both glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and vimentin expression in the ependyma of the adult vertebrate spinal cord. Eleven species from different vertebrate groups were examined using different fixatives and fixation procedures to demonstrate any differences in immunoreactivity. GFAP expression in the ependymal(More)
Despite the increasing use of cannabis among adolescents, there is scarce information about the long-term effects of cannabinoid receptor agonists in appropriate animal models. We aimed to investigate the behavioural features of adult male and female Wistar rats that had been exposed to a chronic treatment with the cannabinoid receptor agonist CP 55,940(More)
The peripubertal period appears to be critical in relation to the abuse of cannabinoids and opioids in humans. However there is little information about the acute effects of cannabinoids and their interactions with opioids in young experimental animals. We have studied the effects of the cannabinoid agonist CP 55,940 (0.1, 0.2, 0.4 and 0.6 mg/kg) on the(More)
The effect of a daily injection of the delta-selective opioid antagonist naltrindole (1 mg/kg), from birth to postnatal day 19, on basal and post-stress corticosterone levels in 25-day old rats of both sexes was investigated. The effects of manipulation were studied by including two control groups, one group received daily injections of saline and a second(More)
The changes in the distribution and amount of nitric oxide (NO) synthases (nNOS and iNOS) and the appearance of nitrotyrosine (NT) in the rat cerebral cortex were investigated following portacaval anastomosis (PCA), an experimental hepatic encephalopathy (HE) model. One month after PCA, rats showed more neurones immunoreactive to nNOS than did control(More)
In order to determine the role of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in the pathogenesis of experimental hepatic encephalopathy (HE), the expression of both was analyzed in the cerebellum of rats 1 month and 6 months after performing portacaval anastomosis (PCA). In control cerebella, nNOS immunoreactivity was(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of combined strength and plyometric training with or without superimposed electromyostimulation (EMS) on muscle strength and anaerobic power. Twenty-nine subjects were randomly assigned to weight+plyometrics+EMS (EP), weight+plyometrics (VP), and control group (CG). Weight+plyometrics+EMS and VP performed(More)