Beatriz Galan-Rodriguez

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Oleoylethanolamide (OEA), agonist of nuclear PPAR-alpha receptors and antagonist of vanilloid TRPV1 receptors, has been reported to show cytoprotective properties. In this study, OEA-induced neuroprotection has been tested in vitro and in vivo models of 6-OHDA-induced degeneration of substantia nigra dopamine neurons. First, PPAR-alpha receptors were(More)
Brain cannabinoid CB(1) receptors are expressed in neural areas that contribute to movement such as basal ganglia, where they co-localize with dopamine D(1) and D(2) receptors. The objective of the present study was to further study the functional role of CB(1) receptors along with D(1) and D(2) dopamine receptors of basal ganglia by local injections of(More)
RATIONALE Prepulse inhibition (PPI) represents a normal sensorimotor gating response that is typically impaired in schizophrenic patients. It is known that cannabinoid CB1 agonists reduce sensorimotor gating in rats, suggesting that the CB1 receptor and the cannabinoid system are involved in sensorimotor gating. OBJECTIVE The objective was to study the(More)
The ternary complex factor (TCF) Elk-1 is a transcription factor that regulates immediate early gene (IEG) expression via the serum response element (SRE) DNA consensus site. Elk-1 is associated with a dimer of serum response factor (SRF) at the SRE site, and its phosphorylation occurs at specific residues in response to mitogen-activated protein kinases(More)
We have observed that systemic administration of cannabinoid CB1 antagonists exerts antiparkinsonian effects in rats with very severe nigral lesion (>95% cell loss), but not in rats with less severe lesion (85-95% cell loss). Local injections into denervated striatum and corresponding globus pallidus reduced parkinsonian asymmetry. Infusions into lesioned(More)
Modulation of the endocannabinoid system might be useful in treating Parkinson's disease. Here, we show that systemic administration of N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-arachidonamide (AM404), a cannabinoid modulator that enhances anandamide (AEA) availability in the biophase, exerts antiparkinsonian effects in 6-hydroxydopamine-lesioned rats. Local injections of AM404(More)
BACKGROUND Huntington's disease (HD) is a polyglutamine-expanded related neurodegenerative disease. Despite the ubiquitous expression of expanded, polyQ-Huntingtin (ExpHtt) in the brain, striatal neurons present a higher susceptibility to the mutation. A commonly admitted hypothesis is that Dopaminergic inputs participate to this vulnerability. We(More)
Sympathoadrenal (SA) cell lineage encompasses neural crest derivatives such as sympathetic neurons, small intensely fluorescent (SIF) cells of sympathetic ganglia and adrenal medulla, and chromaffin cells of adrenal medulla and extra-adrenal paraganglia. SA autografts have been used for transplantation in Parkinson's disease (PD) for three reasons: (i) as(More)
The objective was to discern the neuroregenerative effect of grafts of extra-adrenal cells of the Zuckerkandl's paraganglion (ZP) in the nigrostriatal circuit, by using the retrograde model of parkinsonism in rats. The antiparkinsonian efficacy of two types of grafting procedures was studied (cell aggregates vs. dispersed cells), and GDNF and TGFbeta(1)(More)
There is a mesencephalic dopaminergic network outside the ventral tegmental area (VTA), including structures such as the rostral linear nucleus (RLi) and periaqueductal gray (PAG). These nuclei project to neural areas implicated in reinforcing effects of drugs, indicating that they could participate in opiate reward. The objectives were to study the(More)