Beatriz Elena Ferro

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Using spoligotyping, we identified 13 genotypes and 17 orphan types among 160 Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from patients in Valle del Cauca, Colombia. The Beijing genotype represented 15.6% of the isolates and was correlated with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis, female sex of the patients, and residence in Buenaventura and may represent a new public(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was conducted to generate basic pharmacodynamic information on the relationship between antibiotic concentrations and the growth of rapidly growing mycobacteria (RGM), and thereby contribute to a better understanding of current and future drug regimens for diseases caused by RGM. METHODS Type strains of Mycobacterium abscessus and(More)
The treatment of pulmonary Mycobacterium abscessus disease is associated with very high failure rates and easily acquired drug resistance. Amikacin is the key drug in treatment regimens, but the optimal doses are unknown. No good preclinical model exists to perform formal pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics experiments to determine these optimal doses. We(More)
Pulmonary disease (PD) caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria is an emerging infection mainly in countries where the incidence of tuberculosis is in decline. It affects an elderly population, often with underlying chronic lung diseases, but its epidemiology shows significant regional variation. Guidelines and recommendations for treatment of these infections(More)
BACKGROUND Phylogeographic composition of M. tuberculosis populations reveals associations between lineages and human populations that might have implications for the development of strategies to control the disease. In Latin America, lineage 4 or the Euro-American, is predominant with considerable variations among and within countries. In Colombia,(More)
Previous evaluations of the molecular GenoType tests have promoted their use to detect resistance to first- and second-line antituberculosis drugs in different geographical regions. However, there are known geographic variations in the mutations associated with drug resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and especially in South America, there is a(More)
In a hollow-fiber model, we mimicked the drug exposures achieved in the lungs of humans treated with standard amikacin, clarithromycin, and cefoxitin combination therapy for Mycobacterium abscessus infection. At optimal dosing, a kill rate of -0.09 (95% confidence interval, -0.04 to 0.03) log10 CFU per ml/day was achieved over the first 14 days, after which(More)
OBJECTIVES This study aimed to provide basic pharmacodynamic information for key antibiotics used to treat Mycobacterium avium and Mycobacterium xenopi pulmonary disease. METHODS M. avium subspecies hominissuis IWGMT49 and M. xenopi ATCC 19250 type strains were used; the MICs of clarithromycin, amikacin and moxifloxacin were determined by broth(More)