Beatriz D. Kuizon

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BACKGROUND Cardiovascular disease is common in older adults with end-stage renal disease who are undergoing regular dialysis, but little is known about the prevalence and extent of cardiovascular disease in children and young adults with end-stage renal disease. METHODS We used electron-beam computed tomography (CT) to screen for coronary-artery(More)
Daily calcitriol therapy has been reported to improve linear growth in children with renal bone disease, and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D is a key regultor of chondrocyte proliferation and differentiation. Whereas large intermittent doses of calcitriol can lower serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels and reverse the skeletal changes of secondary(More)
Linear growth is reduced in prepubertal children with adynamic renal osteodystrophy, suggesting that the proliferation and/or differentiation of epiphyseal growth plate chondrocytes is abnormal in this disorder. To examine this issue, in situ hybridization and histochemistry were used to measure selected markers of endochondral bone formation and bone(More)
Little is known about the extent and severity of bone disease in children undergoing successful renal transplantation. To address this issue, 47 patients with stable renal function 3.2 +/- 1.7 years after transplantation (Tx) underwent iliac crest bone biopsy. The mean age of patients was 12 +/- 2.0 years; 36 had received cadaveric renal grafts, whereas 11(More)
BACKGROUND Accurate measurements of the concentration of parathyroid hormone (PTH) in serum or plasma are essential for the proper assessment of renal osteodystrophy. The first-generation immunometric PTH assay (1st PTH-IMA) not only detects the intact hormone, but also additional PTH fragments truncated at the amino N-terminally truncated PTH-derived(More)
BACKGROUND The treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism (2 degrees HPT) associated with chronic renal failure adversely affects skeletal growth. METHODS We assessed epiphyseal growth plate morphology by quantitative histology and measured mRNA levels for selected markers of chondrocyte proliferation and differentiation by in situ hybridization in the(More)
Intermittent calcitriol (1,25D) therapy has been used for the management of secondary hyperparathyroidism in children with chronic renal failure; however, the development of adynamic bone has been demonstrated in up to 40% of pediatric patients after 12 months of intermittent 1,25D therapy. To assess its effect on linear growth, we compared growth and(More)
Recombinant human growth hormone has been utilized to augment linear growth in pediatric renal allograft recipients. The skeletal changes that accompany growth hormone therapy have not been described in children. Thus, 23 stable prepubertal pediatric kidney recipients, aged 10±3 years, with a mean transplant time of 3.4±2.5 years and histological findings(More)
BACKGROUND Intermittent oral or intravenous doses of calcitriol given two or three times per week are commonly used to treat secondary hyperparathyroidism (secondary HPT). This study was undertaken to compare the biochemical and skeletal responses to thrice weekly intraperitoneal (i.p.) versus oral doses of calcitriol in children with secondary HPT(More)
Growth retardation is a major obstacle to full rehabilitation of children with chronic renal failure (CRF). Several factors have been identified as contributors to impaired linear growth and they include protein and calorie malnutrition, metabolic acidosis, growth hormone resistance, anemia, and renal osteodystrophy. Although therapeutic interventions such(More)