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The fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe is an excellent model system in which to study the coordination of cell growth and cell differentiation. In the presence of nutrients, fission yeast cells grow and divide; in the absence of nutrients, they stop growing and undergo cell differentiation. The molecular mechanisms underlying this response are not(More)
Human serum albumin (HSA), the most abundant protein in plasma, has been proposed to have an antioxidant role. The main feature responsible for this property is its only thiol, Cys34, which comprises approximately 80% of the total free thiols in plasma and reacts preferentially with reactive oxygen and nitrogen species. Herein, we show that the thiol in HSA(More)
Flavobacterium psychrophilum, a member of the Cytophaga-Flavobacterium-Bacteroides group, is an important pathogen of salmonid fish. Previous attempts to develop genetic techniques for this fastidious, psychrotrophic bacterium have met with failure. Here we describe the development of techniques for the genetic manipulation of F. psychrophilum and the(More)
Human recombinant copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (CuZnSOD) was inactivated by peroxynitrite, the product of the reaction between nitric oxide and superoxide. The concentration of peroxynitrite that decreased the activity by 50% (IC(50)) was approximately 100 microM at 5 microM CuZnSOD and the inactivation was higher at alkaline pH. Stopped-flow(More)
Drug resistance and virulence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis are partially related to the pathogen's antioxidant systems. Peroxide detoxification in this bacterium is achieved by the heme-containing catalase peroxidase and different two-cysteine peroxiredoxins. M. tuberculosis genome also codifies for a putative one-cysteine peroxiredoxin, alkyl(More)
Sulfenic acid is formed upon oxidation of thiols and is a central intermediate in the redox modulation of an increasing number of proteins. Methods for quantifying or even detecting sulfenic acid are scarce. Herein, the reagent 7-chloro-4-nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazole was determined not to be suitable as a chromophoric probe for sulfenic acid in human serum(More)
The huge variation in the genomic guanine plus cytosine content (GC%) among prokaryotes has been explained by two mutually exclusive hypotheses, namely, selectionist and neutralist. The former proposals have in common the assumption that this feature is a form of adaptation to some ecological or physiological condition. On the other hand, the neutralist(More)
Hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) is mainly known for its toxicity but has recently been shown to be produced endogenously in mammalian tissues and to be associated with physiological regulatory functions. To better understand the role of biomembranes in modulating its biological distribution and effects; we measured the partition coefficient of H(2)S in models of(More)
Peroxynitrite (ONOO-), the reaction product of superoxide (O2.-) and nitric oxide (.NO), nitrates tyrosine and other phenolics. We report herein that tryptophan is also nitrated by peroxynitrite in the absence of transition metals to one predominant isomer of nitrotryptophan, as determined from spectral characteristics and liquid chromatography-mass(More)