Beatriz Álvarez

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The fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe is an excellent model system in which to study the coordination of cell growth and cell differentiation. In the presence of nutrients, fission yeast cells grow and divide; in the absence of nutrients, they stop growing and undergo cell differentiation. The molecular mechanisms underlying this response are not(More)
Cell cycle progression is a process that is tightly controlled by internal and external signals. Environmental cues, such as those provided by growth factors, activate early signals that promote cell cycle entry. Cells that have progressed past the restriction point become independent of growth factors, and cell cycle progression is then controlled(More)
An initial rate approach was used to study the reaction of peroxynitrite with human serum albumin (HSA) through stopped-flow spectrophotometry. At pH 7.4 and 37 degreesC, the second order rate constant for peroxynitrite reaction with HSA was 9.7 +/- 1.1 x 10(3) M-1 s-1. The rate constants for sulfhydryl-blocked HSA and for the single sulfhydryl were 5.9 +/-(More)
Flavobacterium psychrophilum is a psychrotrophic, fish-pathogenic bacterium belonging to the Cytophaga-Flavobacterium-Bacteroides group. Tn4351-induced mutants deficient in gliding motility, growth on iron-depleted media, and extracellular proteolytic activity were isolated. Some of these mutants were affected in only one of these characteristics, whereas(More)
Human serum albumin (HSA), the most abundant protein in plasma, has been proposed to have an antioxidant role. The main feature responsible for this property is its only thiol, Cys34, which comprises approximately 80% of the total free thiols in plasma and reacts preferentially with reactive oxygen and nitrogen species. Herein, we show that the thiol in HSA(More)
The huge variation in the genomic guanine plus cytosine content (GC%) among prokar-yotes has been explained by two mutually exclusive hypotheses, namely, selectionist and neutralist. The former proposals have in common the assumption that this feature is a form of adaptation to some ecological or physiological condition. On the other hand, the neutralist(More)
Flavobacterium psychrophilum, a member of the Cytophaga-Flavobacterium-Bacteroides group, is an important pathogen of salmonid fish. Previous attempts to develop genetic techniques for this fastidious, psychrotrophic bacterium have met with failure. Here we describe the development of techniques for the genetic manipulation of F. psychrophilum and the(More)
Flavobacterium psychrophilum is a fish pathogen that commonly affects salmonids. This bacterium produced an extracellular protease with an estimated molecular mass of 55 kDa. This enzyme, designated Fpp1 (F. psychrophilum protease 1), was purified to electrophoretic homogeneity from the culture supernatant by using ammonium sulfate precipitation,(More)
Human recombinant copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (CuZnSOD) was inactivated by peroxynitrite, the product of the reaction between nitric oxide and superoxide. The concentration of peroxynitrite that decreased the activity by 50% (IC(50)) was approximately 100 microM at 5 microM CuZnSOD and the inactivation was higher at alkaline pH. Stopped-flow(More)
Hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) is an endogenously generated gas that can also be administered exogenously. It modulates physiological functions and has reported cytoprotective effects. To evaluate a possible antioxidant role, we investigated the reactivity of hydrogen sulfide with several one- and two-electron oxidants. The rate constant of the direct reaction(More)