Beatrice S. Knudsen

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Improved approaches for the detection of common epithelial malignancies are urgently needed to reduce the worldwide morbidity and mortality caused by cancer. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small ( approximately 22 nt) regulatory RNAs that are frequently dysregulated in cancer and have shown promise as tissue-based markers for cancer classification and(More)
c-Crk is a proto-oncogene product composed largely of Src homology (SH) 2 and 3 domains. We have identified a kinase activity, which binds to the first Crk SH3 domain and phosphorylates c-Crk on tyrosine 221 (Y221), as c-Abl. c-Abl has a strong preference for c-Crk, when compared with common tyrosine kinase substrates. The phosphorylation of c-Crk Y221(More)
As technology for microarray analysis becomes widespread, it is becoming increasingly important to be able to compare and combine the results of experiments that explore the same scientific question. In this article, we present a rank-aggregation approach for combining results from several microarray studies. The motivation for this approach is twofold;(More)
The greatest risk factor for developing carcinoma of the prostate is advanced age. Potential molecular and physiologic contributors to the frequency of cancer occurrence in older individuals include the accumulation of somatic mutations through defects in genome maintenance, epigenetic gene silencing, oxidative stress, loss of immune surveillance, telomere(More)
Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) remains the primary treatment for advanced prostate cancer. The efficacy of ADT has not been rigorously evaluated by demonstrating suppression of prostatic androgen activity at the target tissue and molecular level. We determined the efficacy and consistency of medical castration in suppressing prostatic androgen levels(More)
OBJECTIVE Our objective was to characterize the expression and function of the miR-200 family of microRNAs (miRNA) in ovarian carcinogenesis. METHODS We used qRT-PCR to examine expression of the miR-200 miRNA family and its predicted targets, the ZEB1 and ZEB2 transcriptional repressors, in primary cultures of normal cells from the surface of the ovary(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small (∼22 nucleotide) non-coding RNAs that regulate a myriad of biological processes and are frequently dysregulated in cancer. Cancer-associated microRNAs have been detected in serum and plasma and hold promise as minimally invasive cancer biomarkers, potentially for assessing disease characteristics in patients with metastatic(More)
Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA), initially defined by monoclonal antibody (mAb) 7E11, is a now well-characterized type 2 integral membrane glycoprotein expressed in a highly restricted manner by prostate epithelial cells. 7E11 has been shown to bind an intracellular epitope of PSMA that, in viable cells, is not available for binding. Herein, we(More)
PURPOSE Squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity is one of the most common human neoplasms, and prevention of these carcinomas requires a better understanding of the carcinogenesis process and a model system in which cancer chemoprevention agents can be tested. We have developed a mouse model using the carcinogen 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide (4-NQO) in the(More)
BACKGROUND MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small regulatory RNAs that are implicated in cancer pathogenesis and have recently shown promise as blood-based biomarkers for cancer detection. Epithelial ovarian cancer is a deadly disease for which improved outcomes could be achieved by successful early detection and enhanced understanding of molecular pathogenesis that(More)