Beatrice Macino

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Clinical and genetic understanding of chromaffin tumors has been greatly enhanced in the last few years. Although some pheochromocytoma genes may still be unknown, the role of RET, VHL, SDHB, SDHD and NF1 genes is unequivocal and phenotypes are also being better characterized. The loss of function of VHL and NF1 genes can lead to a variety of tumors(More)
MAGE, BAGE and GAGE genes encode tumor-associated antigens that are presented by HLA class I molecules and recognized by CD8(+) cytolytic T lymphocytes. These antigens are currently regarded as promising targets for active, specific tumor immunotherapy because MAGE, BAGE and GAGE genes are expressed in many human cancers of different histotype and are(More)
We describe the effect of the proteasome specific inhibitor lactacystin on the metabolic stability of influenza nucleoprotein (NP) and on the generation of antigens presented by human and murine class I molecules of the major histocompatibility complex to cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL). We show that cells treated with lactacystin fail to present influenza(More)
Tumor necrosis factor alpha, in the secreted as well as membrane-associated (mTNF alpha) form, represents a cytotoxic effector mechanism of activated macrophages; in contrast, direct evidence of the mTNF alpha involvement in cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL)-mediated lysis has not yet been obtained. We observed that following activation with anti-CD3 monoclonal(More)
The impact of genetics and genomics on clinical medicine is becoming more and more important. Endocrinology pioneered the development of molecular medicine, but also the study of adrenal tumors had a great impact in this field. Particularly important was the detection of genetics of tumors derived from the adrenal medulla, as well as that of those derived(More)
BACKGROUND The MAGE, BAGE, and GAGE gene families code for distinct, tumor specific antigens that are recognized by cytotoxic T lymphocytes in the context of HLA molecules. The purpose of this study was to analyze MAGE, BAGE, and GAGE gene expression in the two major histologic types of esophageal carcinoma, squamous carcinoma (ESCc) and adenocarcinoma(More)
The TS/A mouse mammary adenocarcinoma is a poorly immunogenic tumor widely used in preclinical models of cancer immunotherapy. CTLs have often been indicated as important in TS/A tumor destruction, but their generation in this model has been rarely studied, nor have their precise target(s) been identified. We hypothesized that the gp70 Env product of an(More)
It is widely accepted that the repertoire of Melan-A-specific T cells naturally selected in melanoma patients is diverse and mostly nonoverlapping among different individuals. To date, however, no studies have addressed the TCR profile in different tumor sites and the peripheral blood from the same patient. We compared the TCR usage of Melan-A-specific T(More)
Endogenous retrovirus (ERV) products are recognized by T lymphocytes in mice and humans. As these Ags are preferentially expressed by neoplastic tissues, they might represent an ideal target for active immunization by genetic vaccination. However, i.m. inoculation of plasmid DNA encoding mouse gp70 or p15E, two products of the env gene of an endogenous(More)
To examine the in vivo contribution of L-selectin in the sensitization of tumor-specific CTL, we investigated the effects of treatment with the anti-L-selectin monoclonal antibody (MAb) MEL-14 on the immune response to Moloney-murine sarcoma virus (M-MSV)-induced tumors, which exhibit spontaneous regression following generation of a strong virus-specific(More)