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The major pelvic ganglia (MPG) contain both parasympathetic and sympathetic postganglionic neurons and provide much of the autonomic innervation to urogenital organs and components of the lower bowel. Whereas many parasympathetic neurons were found to express vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), no MPG neurons exhibited immunoreactivity for pituitary(More)
The present study investigated the influence of trophic factors on the expression of cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript peptide (CARTp) in guinea-pig cardiac ganglia maintained in explant culture. In acutely isolated cardiac ganglia preparations, <1% of the cholinergic cardiac neurons exhibited CARTp immunoreactivity. In contrast, this number(More)
The trophic neuropeptide pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) increases in many different neuron types following injury; a response postulated to support cell survival and regeneration. In acutely isolated cardiac ganglia, approximately 1% of the cardiac neurons exhibited PACAP immunoreactivity whereas after 72 h in culture,(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) expression was quantified in explant-cultured guinea pig cardiac ganglia neurons. In explant culture, both the percentage of PACAP-immunoreactive neurons and pro-PACAP transcript levels increased significantly. Treatment with neurturin or glial-derived neurotrophic factor significantly suppressed(More)
A role for nerve growth factor (NGF) in contributing to increased voiding frequency and altered sensation from the urinary bladder has been suggested. Previous studies have examined the expression and regulation of tyrosine kinase receptors (Trks) in micturition reflexes with urinary bladder inflammation. The present studies examine the expression and(More)
Several motor behaviors such as locomotion, respiration, sexual function, and micturition are generated by rhythmic and stereotyped motor patterns of activity. In most cases, these functions are primarily controlled by signals and neuronal commands that originate from the brainstem and spinal cord. Defined as the storage and periodic elimination of urine,(More)
The pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP)-selective PAC1 receptor (Adcyap1r1) is a G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) that activates adenylyl cyclase and PLC. Similar to many other GPCRs, our previous studies showed that the PAC1 receptor is internalized after ligand binding to form signaling endosomes, which recruit additional second(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptides (PACAP) and PAC1 receptor signaling have diverse roles in central and peripheral nervous system development and function. In recent microarray analyses for PACAP and PAC1 receptor modulation of neuronal transcripts, the mRNA of Homer 1a (H1a), which encodes the noncrosslinking and immediate early gene(More)
Postganglionic parasympathetic neurons in guinea-pig cardiac ganglia exhibit choline acetyltransferase (ChAT)-immunoreactivity, and a large fraction (60%) of the ChAT-positive cardiac neurons co-express somatostatin-immunoreactivity. This co-expression remained when the cardiac ganglia explants were maintained in culture for 72 h (40%(More)
The autonomic phenotype of congestive cardiac failure is characterised by high sympathetic drive and impaired vagal tone, which are independent predictors of mortality. We hypothesize that impaired bradycardia to peripheral vagal stimulation following high-level sympathetic drive is due to sympatho-vagal crosstalk by the adrenergic co-transmitters galanin(More)