Beatrice M. Girard

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Chemokines, otherwise known as chemotactic cytokines, are proinflammatory mediators of the immune response and have been implicated in altered sensory processing, hyperalgesia, and central sensitization following tissue injury or inflammation. To address the role of CXCL12/CXCR4 signaling in normal micturition and inflammation-induced bladder hyperreflexia,(More)
A role for nerve growth factor (NGF) in contributing to increased voiding frequency and altered sensation from the urinary bladder has been suggested. Previous studies have examined the expression and regulation of tyrosine kinase receptors (Trks) in micturition reflexes with urinary bladder inflammation. The present studies examine the expression and(More)
Urothelium-specific overexpression of nerve growth factor (NGF) in the urinary bladder of transgenic mice stimulates neuronal sprouting in the urinary bladder, produces increased voiding frequency, and results in increased referred somatic hypersensitivity. Additional NGF-mediated pleiotropic changes might contribute to the increased voiding frequency and(More)
The high and preferential expression of the PAC(1)(short)HOP1 receptor in postganglionic sympathetic neurons facilitates microarray studies for mechanisms underlying PACAP-mediate neurotrophic signaling in a physiological context. Replicate primary sympathetic neuronal cultures were treated with 100 nM PACAP27 either acutely (9 h) or chronically (96 h)(More)
The expression of acid-sensing ion channel (ASIC) isoforms, ASIC1, ASIC2a, and ASIC3, was examined in the urinary bladder after cyclophosphamide (CYP)-induced cystitis of varying duration (4 h, 48 h, and chronic). Immunohistochemical, Western blot, and quantitative PCR approaches were used to evaluate channel expression and effects of CYP-induced cystitis(More)
Several motor behaviors such as locomotion, respiration, sexual function, and micturition are generated by rhythmic and stereotyped motor patterns of activity. In most cases, these functions are primarily controlled by signals and neuronal commands that originate from the brainstem and spinal cord. Defined as the storage and periodic elimination of urine,(More)
Among bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs), the decapentaplegic (Dpp; BMP2, BMP4) and glass bottom boat (Gbb/60A; BMP5, BMP6, BMP7) subgroups have well-described functions guiding autonomic and sensory neuronal development, fiber formation and neurophenotypic identities. Evaluation of rat superior cervical ganglia (SCG) post-ganglionic sympathetic neuron(More)
The regulated expression of the peptide and transcript levels of the neurotrophic peptides, pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP), galanin and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) were examined in sympathetic neurons of the rat superior cervical ganglion (SCG). Real-time quantitative PCR methods were developed to assess modulation of(More)
The trophic neuropeptide pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) increases in many different neuron types following injury; a response postulated to support cell survival and regeneration. In acutely isolated cardiac ganglia, approximately 1% of the cardiac neurons exhibited PACAP immunoreactivity whereas after 72 h in culture,(More)
After G-protein-coupled receptor activation and signaling at the plasma membrane, the receptor complex is often rapidly internalized via endocytic vesicles for trafficking into various intracellular compartments and pathways. The formation of signaling endosomes is recognized as a mechanism that produces sustained intracellular signals that may be distinct(More)