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BACKGROUND Disorientation and confabulation often have a common course, independent of amnesia. Behaviorally spontaneous confabulation is the form in which patients act according to a false concept of reality; they fail to abandon action plans (anticipations) that do not pertain to the present situation. This continued enactment of previously valid but(More)
This study examined the musical processing in a professional musician who suffered from amusia after a left temporo-parietal stroke. The patient showed preserved metric judgement and normal performance in all aspects of melodic processing. By contrast, he lost the ability to discriminate or reproduce rhythms. Arrhythmia was only observed in the auditory(More)
A woman produced spontaneous confabulations after rupture of an anterior communicating artery aneurysm. She confused currently irrelevant with currently relevant information in implicit memory; confabulations about people concerned only new acquaintances; false reality could be induced by an intensive 5-minute discussion; and in a recognition task, she(More)
INTRODUCTION Syndrome of the trephined (ST) is a post-craniectomy complication. It is characterized by the appearance of new neurological symptoms following the craniectomy, which are relieved after cranioplasty. The purpose of our work was to identify radiological signs and imaging biomarkers of the ST. METHODS CT images of 32 patients were(More)
Behaviorally spontaneous confabulation is characterized by a confusion of reality evident in currently inappropriate acts that patients justify with confabulations and in disorientation. Here, we describe a 38-year-old woman lawyer hospitalized because of non-herpetic, presumably autoimmune, limbic encephalitis. For months, she considered herself at work(More)
A 57-year-old man suffered severe amnesia and disorientation, accompanied by content-specific confabulation, due to an alcoholic Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome. For months, he was deeply concerned about a single obligation that he thought he had to respond to, but which he had already assumed 20 years previously. This monothematic, prospective confabulation(More)
Cerebral aneurysms and arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are well-known sources of intracranial hemorrhage, but can also manifest as other clinical symptoms or remain clinically asymptomatic. The aim was to document and analyze cases of aneurysm or AVM with brain infarction. Survey on 4804 stroke patients treated at the Department of Neurology, Centre(More)
Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is a relatively rare cause of stroke and has a wide spectrum of unspecific symptoms, which may delay diagnosis. There are many etiologies, including hematological disorders, trauma, infection, and dehydration. Iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) has been reported as an extremely rare cause of CVT, especially in adults.
Blindsight denotes unconscious residual visual capacities in the context of an inability to consciously recollect or identify visual information. It has been described for color and shape discrimination, movement or facial emotion recognition. The present study investigates a patient suffering from cortical blindness whilst maintaining select residual(More)
BACKGROUND The effect of levodopa on recovery from aphasia is controversial. OBJECTIVE To determine whether levodopa enhances the effect of intensive computer-assisted therapy (CAT) of anomia in the postacute stage of aphasia. METHODS Double-blind multiple case study with intrasubject crossover design comparing the effect of levodopa (100 mg) versus(More)