Beatrice Beck-Schimmer

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Airway instillation of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) into rat lungs induces neutrophil accumulation, which is known to be intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1)-dependent. In the present study, ICAM-1 messenger RNA (mRNA) of whole lung was found to increase by 20-fold in this inflammatory model. This increase was reduced by 81% after treatment of(More)
BACKGROUND Alveolar macrophages play an important role during the development of acute inflammatory lung injury. In the present study, in vivo alveolar macrophage depletion was performed by intratracheal application of dichloromethylene diphosphonate-liposomes in order to study the role of these effector cells in the early endotoxin-induced lung injury. (More)
Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) is known to play a central role in lung inflammation. Limited information, however, is available regarding the expression and biological function of ICAM-1 in the alveolar epithelial compartment. The current report analyses the expression pattern of ICAM-1 in primary cultures of rat alveolar epithelial cells (AECs)(More)
Leukocyte infiltration is known to play an important role in hypoxia-induced tissue damage. There is a paucity of information on the role of hypoxia in the expression of adhesion molecules on respiratory epithelial cells. The current studies focus on the adhesion molecules intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1(More)
BACKGROUND Endotoxin-induced lung injury is a useful experimental system for the characterization of immunopathologic mechanisms in acute lung injury. Although alveolar epithelial cells (AEC) are directly exposed to volatile anesthetics, there is limited information about the effect of anesthetics on these cells. In this study we investigated the effect of(More)
Respiratory epithelial cells play a crucial role in the inflammatory response in endotoxin-induced lung injury, an experimental model for acute lung injury. To determine the role of epithelial cells in the upper respiratory compartment in the inflammatory response to endotoxin, we exposed tracheobronchial epithelial cells (TBEC) to lipopolysaccharide (LPS).(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary endothelial barrier dysfunction mediated in part by Src-kinase activation plays a crucial role in acute inflammatory disease. Proinflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα), activate Src via phosphatidylinositide 3-kinase/Akt-dependent nitric oxide generation, a process initiated by recruitment of(More)
BACKGROUND Acute lung injury (ALI) is associated with high mortality due to the lack of effective therapeutic strategies. Mechanical ventilation itself can cause ventilator-induced lung injury. Pulmonary vascular barrier function, regulated in part by Src kinase-dependent phosphorylation of caveolin-1 and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), plays a(More)
INTRODUCTION Severe sepsis is associated with approximately 50% mortality and accounts for tremendous healthcare costs. Most patients require ventilatory support and propofol is commonly used to sedate mechanically ventilated patients. Volatile anesthetics have been shown to attenuate inflammation in a variety of different settings. We therefore(More)
INTRODUCTION The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to investigate whether volatile anesthetics used for postoperative sedation have any beneficial effects on myocardial injury in cardiac surgery patients after on-pump valve replacement. METHODS Anesthesia was performed with propofol. After arrival in the intensive care unit (ICU), 117 patients(More)