Learn More
OBJECTIVE To develop and validate a score to predict postoperative acute renal failure (ARF) after liver resection. BACKGROUND Postoperative ARF after major surgery is associated with morbidity and mortality. Early identification of patients at risk of ARF is important in order to provide protective kidney treatment. METHODS Postoperative ARF was(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of pharmacological preconditioning with a volatile anesthetic in patients undergoing liver resection with inflow occlusion. BACKGROUND In liver surgery, ischemic preconditioning and intermittent clamping are the only established protective strategies to reduce tissue damage due to ischemia during inflow occlusion.(More)
The adhesion molecule intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) is known to play a crucial role in lung inflammation such as endotoxin-induced injury. Although ICAM-1 has been characterized on endothelial cells, limited information is available regarding its expression in the epithelial compartment. The present review provides novel views on this aspect.
BACKGROUND Acute lung injury is a common complication in critically ill patients. Several studies suggest that volatile anesthetics have immunomodulating effects. The aim of the current study was to assess possible postconditioning with sevoflurane in an in vivo model of endotoxin-induced lung injury. METHODS Rats were anesthetized, tracheotomized, and(More)
BACKGROUND Acute lung injury caused by gastric aspiration is a frequent occurrence in unconscious patients. Acute respiratory distress syndrome in association with gastric aspiration carries a mortality of up to 30% and accounts for up to 20% of deaths associated with anesthesia. Although the clinical condition is well known, knowledge about the exact(More)
BACKGROUND Sepsis remains a leading cause of death in intensive care units. There is growing evidence that volatile anesthetics have beneficial immunomodulatory effects on complex inflammation-mediated conditions. The authors investigated the effect of volatile anesthetics on the overall survival of mice in a sepsis model of cecal ligation and puncture(More)
BACKGROUND A recently published score predicts the occurrence of acute kidney injury (AKI) after liver resection based on preoperative parameters (chronic renal failure, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and alanine-aminotransferase levels). By inclusion of additional intraoperative parameters we aimed to develop a new prediction model. METHODS A series(More)
INTRODUCTION In a recent randomized controlled trial our group has demonstrated in 102 patients that late post-conditioning with sevoflurane performed in the intensive care unit after surgery involving extracorporeal circulation reduced damage to cardiomyocytes exposed to ischemia reperfusion injury. On the first post-operative day the sevoflurane patients(More)
The use of hydroxyethyl starch (HES) in sepsis has been shown to increase mortality and acute kidney injury. However, the knowledge of the exact mechanism by which several fluids, especially starch preparations may impair end-organ function particularly in the kidney, is still missing. The aim of this study was to measure the influence of different(More)
Airway instillation of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) into rat lungs induces neutrophil accumulation, which is known to be intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1)-dependent. In the present study, ICAM-1 messenger RNA (mRNA) of whole lung was found to increase by 20-fold in this inflammatory model. This increase was reduced by 81% after treatment of(More)