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BACKGROUND Psychotherapy is the treatment of choice for patients with anorexia nervosa, although evidence of efficacy is weak. The Anorexia Nervosa Treatment of OutPatients (ANTOP) study aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of two manual-based outpatient treatments for anorexia nervosa--focal psychodynamic therapy and enhanced cognitive behaviour(More)
OBJECTIVE Depression often goes undetected and untreated in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). To investigate whether patients with CHF show a specific profile of depression symptoms, we compared depression symptoms in depressed patients with and without CHF. METHODS Of a total of 921 patients from a CHF and a psychosomatic outpatient clinic, 137(More)
BACKGROUND In recent years, electronic diaries are increasingly used in medical research and practice to investigate patients' processes and fluctuations in symptoms over time. To model dynamic dependence structures and feedback mechanisms between symptom-relevant variables, a multivariate time series method has to be applied. METHODS We propose to(More)
OBJECTIVE Inefficient cognitive flexibility is considered a neurocognitive trait marker involved in the development and maintenance of anorexia nervosa (AN). Cognitive Remediation Therapy (CRT) is a specific treatment targeting this cognitive style. The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility and efficacy (by estimating the effect size) of(More)
OBJECTIVE Although psychiatric comorbidity often goes undetected and untreated in cardiovascular patients, it is not clear whether the costs for a special treatment of psychiatric comorbidity are appropriately reflected in the reimbursement system. To investigate the economic impact of psychiatric comorbidity, we compared costs, returns, net gain, and(More)
OBJECTIVE Older adults appear to be a specifically vulnerable group that could benefit considerably from the assessment of their decision-making preferences. The aim of this study was to estimate prevalence rates and to explore characteristics of control preferences in a population-based sample of older adults. METHODS Data was derived from the 8-year(More)
BACKGROUND Families can have considerable influence on the health of a patient with a chronic physical disease, and attempts have been made to optimise treatment by involving family members. This meta-analysis aimed to systematically assess the effects of family-oriented interventions on adults with chronic physical diseases. METHODS A systematic(More)
BACKGROUND Although chronic heart failure (CHF) is often complicated by comorbid depression and poor self-care, little is known about their specific association in patients with CHF. OBJECTIVE To investigate self-care behavior among patients with CHF with different degrees of depression severity. METHODS A total of 287 patients with documented CHF, New(More)
OBJECTIVE To improve health care for the elderly, a consideration of biopsychosocial health care needs may be of particular importance-especially because of the prevalence of multiple conditions, mental disorders, and social challenges facing elderly people. The aim of the study was to investigate significance and costs of biopsychosocial health care needs(More)
AIMS Depression is common in heart failure (HF) and associated with adverse outcomes. This study aimed to investigate incidence rates and predictors of depression in patients sampled from four subprojects of the German Competence Network Heart Failure. METHODS Eight hundred thirty nine symptomatic HF patients free of depression at baseline underwent(More)