Beate Wiedemann

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In industrial fermentation processes, the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is commonly used for ethanol production. However, it lacks the ability to ferment pentose sugars like d-xylose and l-arabinose. Heterologous expression of a xylose isomerase (XI) would enable yeast cells to metabolize xylose. However, many attempts to express a prokaryotic XI with high(More)
RATIONALE Lower airway (LAW) infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus is the leading cause of morbidity in cystic fibrosis (CF). The upper airways (UAW) were shown to be a gateway for acquisition of opportunistic bacteria and to act as a reservoir for them. Therefore, tools for UAW assessment within CF routine care require evaluation.(More)
BACKGROUND Fermentation of lignocellulosic biomass is an attractive alternative for the production of bioethanol. Traditionally, the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is used in industrial ethanol fermentations. However, S. cerevisiae is naturally not able to ferment the pentose sugars D-xylose and L-arabinose, which are present in high amounts in(More)
In this study, we analyzed the mechanisms of multiresistance for 22 clinical multiresistant and clonally different Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains from Germany. Twelve and 10 strains originated from cystic fibrosis (CF) and non-CF patients, respectively. Overproduction of the efflux systems MexAB-OprM, MexCD-OprJ, MexEF-OprN, and MexXY-OprM was studied.(More)
Construction of a malE-ampD gene fusion allowed purification of biologically active fusion protein by affinity chromatography. The cloned malE-ampD gene fusion complemented a chromosomal ampD mutation. Purified MalE-AmpD fusion protein was found to have murein amidase activity with a pronounced specificity for 1,6-anhydromuropeptides, the characteristic(More)
A clinical isolate of Klebsiella ozaenae with transferable resistance to broad-spectrum cephalosporins produces a beta-lactamase determined by plasmid pBP60. The beta-lactamase had the same isoelectric point as SHV-1 (7.6). From heteroduplex analysis, an extensive homology between the two bla genes could be deduced; therefore, the new beta-lactamase was(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the natural susceptibility to 71 antimicrobial agents of 103 Listeria strains belonging to all known Listeria species (L. monocytogenes (N = 21), L. innocua (N = 21), L. seeligeri (N = 21), L. ivanovii (N = 19), L. welshimeri (N = 11), and L. grayi (N = 10)). METHODS MICs were determined using a microdilution procedure in(More)
Isogenic mutants derived from quinolone-susceptible isolate WT by introducing gyrA (S83L, D87G) and parC (S80I, E84K) mutations associated with quinolone resistance were characterized with respect to quinolone resistance, growth rate, and degree of global supercoiling. The latter was determined by use of a pair of reporter plasmids carrying(More)
Bioethanol produced by microbial fermentations of plant biomass hydrolysates consisting of hexose and pentose mixtures is an excellent alternative to fossil transportation fuels. However, the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, commonly used in bioethanol production, can utilize pentose sugars like l-arabinose or d-xylose only after heterologous expression of(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the natural susceptibility to 69 antimicrobial agents of 107 Enterobacter strains comprising E. amnigenus (n = 18), E. cancerogenus (n = 26), E. gergoviae (n = 28) and E. sakazakii (n = 35). METHODS Minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) were determined with a microdilution procedure in Isosensitest broth and cation-adjusted(More)