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In industrial fermentation processes, the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is commonly used for ethanol production. However, it lacks the ability to ferment pentose sugars like d-xylose and l-arabinose. Heterologous expression of a xylose isomerase (XI) would enable yeast cells to metabolize xylose. However, many attempts to express a prokaryotic XI with high(More)
Construction of a malE-ampD gene fusion allowed purification of biologically active fusion protein by affinity chromatography. The cloned malE-ampD gene fusion complemented a chromosomal ampD mutation. Purified MalE-AmpD fusion protein was found to have murein amidase activity with a pronounced specificity for 1,6-anhydromuropeptides, the characteristic(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the natural susceptibility to 71 antimicrobial agents of 103 Listeria strains belonging to all known Listeria species (L. monocytogenes (N = 21), L. innocua (N = 21), L. seeligeri (N = 21), L. ivanovii (N = 19), L. welshimeri (N = 11), and L. grayi (N = 10)). METHODS MICs were determined using a microdilution procedure in(More)
About 70% of all Enterobacter cloacae strains tested possessed one of two species-specific beta-lactamases. These enzymes, E. cloacae beta-lactamase A and E. cloacae beta-lactamase B, with isoelectric points of 8.8 and 7.8, respectively, had the same pH and temperature optima. Both showed similar enzyme kinetics and were inhibited by cloxacillin but not by(More)
A clinical isolate of Klebsiella ozaenae with transferable resistance to broad-spectrum cephalosporins produces a beta-lactamase determined by plasmid pBP60. The beta-lactamase had the same isoelectric point as SHV-1 (7.6). From heteroduplex analysis, an extensive homology between the two bla genes could be deduced; therefore, the new beta-lactamase was(More)
The antibiotic susceptibilities of 151 Yersinia enterocolitica strains isolated from humans, animals and the environment, and belonging to biovars 1A (n = 22), 1B (n = 13), 2 (n = 12), 3 (n = 31), 4 (n = 63) and 5 (n = 10) to 71 antibiotics were examined. Biovars could be characterized phenotypically by their similar antibiograms. For the majority of(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the natural susceptibility to 69 antimicrobial agents of 107 Enterobacter strains comprising E. amnigenus (n = 18), E. cancerogenus (n = 26), E. gergoviae (n = 28) and E. sakazakii (n = 35). METHODS Minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) were determined with a microdilution procedure in Isosensitest broth and cation-adjusted(More)
Bioethanol produced by microbial fermentations of plant biomass hydrolysates consisting of hexose and pentose mixtures is an excellent alternative to fossil transportation fuels. However, the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, commonly used in bioethanol production, can utilize pentose sugars like l-arabinose or d-xylose only after heterologous expression of(More)
Beta-lactamase induction in Enterobacter cloacae, which is linked to peptidoglycan recycling, was investigated by high-performance liquid chromatographic analysis of cell wall fragments in genetically defined cells of Escherichia coli. After treatment of cells with beta-lactams, we detected an increase in a D-tripeptide (disaccharide-tripeptide,(More)
RATIONALE Lower airway (LAW) infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus is the leading cause of morbidity in cystic fibrosis (CF). The upper airways (UAW) were shown to be a gateway for acquisition of opportunistic bacteria and to act as a reservoir for them. Therefore, tools for UAW assessment within CF routine care require evaluation.(More)