Beate Timmerman

Learn More
Agrobacterium tumefaciens transfers its Ti-plasmid T-DNA to plant cells. This process is initiated by plant-induced activation of the Ti-plasmid virulence loci, resulting in the generation of single stranded (ss) cleavages of the Ti-plasmid T-DNA border sequences (border nicks) and ss linear unipolar T-DNA molecules (T-strands). A single T-strand is(More)
The T-DNA transfer process of Agrobacterium tumefaciens is activated by the induction of the expression of the Ti plasmid virulence (vir) loci by plant signal molecules such as acetosyringone. The vir gene products act in trans to mobilize the T-DNA element from the bacterial Ti plasmid. The T-DNA is bounded by 25-base pair direct repeat sequences, which(More)
Introduction of foreign genes into plant tissues via Agrobacterium tumefaciens based vectors requires specific knowledge of Agrobacterium-host compatibility. Therefore, to develop a transformation protocol for peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.), five Brazilian cultivars were screened with four wild-type A.tumefaciens strains. Successful transformation was(More)
In an attempt to elucidate the transfer and integration mechanism of Agrobacterium DNA upon crown gall induction, we translocated a borderless T-DNA to different sites of the C58 Ti plasmid. As a result of the physical linkage of the T-DNA onc genes with other Ti plasmid functions, the concerned strain retained tumor-inducing capacity. However, when the(More)
PURPOSE A retrospective study to investigate the sensitivity of intensity modulated proton therapy (IMPT) to changes in body weight occurring during the course of radiotherapy for patients treated in the sacral region. MATERIALS AND METHODS During therapy, important weight gain and loss were observed for two patients treated to para-spinal tumors, which(More)
Historically, retinoblastoma was treated with external beam radiotherapy (EBR) and for many years this was the accepted standard of care. With greater knowledge of radiation-induced morbidity and mortality, the trend over the past decade has shifted towards primary chemotherapy for most globe conservative treatments. Such a radical change in treatment(More)
Andean potato mottle virus (APMV), an endemic South American comovirus, has a bipartite genome consisting of two plus-strand RNA molecules (M and B RNA). We have cloned the 3' half of the B RNA and identified the complete sequence of the putative APMV RNA polymerase. The RNA polymerase gene is part of a large polyprotein-encoding open reading frame. The(More)
Induction of Ti plasmid virulence (vir) gene expression during the early stages of plant cell transformation by Agrobacterium tumefaciens initiates the generation of several T-DNA-associated molecular events: (1) site-specific nicks at T-DNA border sequences (border nicks); (2) free, unipolar, linear, single-stranded T-DNA copies (T-strands); and (3)(More)