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Autosomal recessive familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (RFALS) is a rare form of ALS that usually presents at an early age with slow progression of symptoms. RFALS is clinically and genetically heterogeneous and the locus of RFALS type 3 was mapped to 2q33 (ALS2) in a single family. We now report linkage of a more-common form of RFALS to chromosome(More)
Neuromuscular junctions (NMJs) are synapses that transmit impulses from motor neurons to skeletal muscle fibers leading to muscle contraction. Study of hereditary disorders of neuromuscular transmission, termed congenital myasthenic syndromes (CMS), has helped elucidate fundamental processes influencing development and function of the nerve-muscle synapse.(More)
In a previous study, we have shown that N-myc downstream-regulated gene 1 (NDRG1), classified in databases as a tumor suppressor and heavy metal-response protein, is mutated in hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy Lom (HMSNL), a severe autosomal recessive form of Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease. The private founder mutation R148X, causing HMSNL in(More)
Sporadic inclusion body myositis (s-IBM) is an acquired inflammatory muscle disease of unknown cause. In general, s-IBM presents with slowly progressive, asymmetric weakness, and atrophy of skeletal muscle. There is a mild transitory or nil responsiveness to standard immunosuppressive treatment. A controlled cross-over study of 22 s-IBM patients over 3(More)
We assessed safety and efficacy of creatine monohydrate (Cr) in myotonic dystrophy (DM1) in a double-blind, cross-over trial. Thirty-four patients with defined DM1 were randomized to receive Cr and placebo for eight weeks (10.6 g day 1-10, 5.3 g day 11-56) in one of 2 treatment sequences. There was no significant improvement using manual and quantitative(More)
Calf hypertrophy is a typical clinical feature in neuromuscular diseases such as X-linked muscular dystrophies of Duchenne and Becker type and can be seen as an atypical feature in numerous other diseases. The diagnosis of calf hypertrophy usually is based on subjective visual assessment. The aim of this prospective study was to examine the prevalence of(More)
OBJECTIVE Mutation analysis of the acetylcholine receptor (AChR) epsilon subunit gene in patients with sporadic or autosomal recessive congenital myasthenic syndromes (CMS). BACKGROUND The nicotinic AChR of skeletal muscle is a neurotransmitter-gated ion channel that mediates synaptic transmission at the vertebrate neuromuscular junction. Mutations in its(More)
Congenital myasthenic syndrome (CMS) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of inherited disorders of the neuromuscular junction. A difficult to diagnose subgroup of CMS is characterised by proximal muscle weakness and fatigue while ocular and facial involvement is only minimal. DOK7 mutations have been identified as causing the disorder in(More)
Sporadic inclusion body myositis (s-IBM) is a chronic progressive inflammatory myopathy which occurs preferentially in older patients. Histologic hallmarks are rimmed vacuoles and eosinophilic cytoplasmatic inclusions. The etiology is still unknown, but different pathogenetic mechanisms such as slow virus infection, autoimmunopathogenesis, myonuclear(More)