Beate Rohde-Schulz

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The classical estrogen receptor (ER) mediates genomic as well as rapid nongenomic estradiol responses. In case of genomic responses, the ER acts as a ligand-dependent transcription factor that regulates gene expression in estrogen target tissues. In contrast, nongenomic effects are initiated at the plasma membrane and lead to rapid activation of cytoplasmic(More)
Increased expression of EGF receptor (EGFR) in metastases of human mammary carcinoma as compared to cells of the primary cancer suggests a contribution of EGFR to mammary carcinoma metastasis. To test for a positive causative link, we investigated 13762NF rat mammary adenocarcinoma cloned tumor cell lines of high (MTLn3) or low (MTC) metastatic potential.(More)
Attachment of highly metastatic rat mammary adenocarcinoma MTLn3 cells to matrix proteins and its modulation by EGF was examined. Plastic plates were coated with varying amounts of collagen or fibronectin. MTLn3 cells exhibited a dose-dependent adhesion to both matrix proteins, however, they attached more efficiently to collagen than to fibronectin. When(More)
Common bacterial infections are increasingly being diagnosed in HIV-infected individuals. Cells of the monocyte-macrophage lineage kill invading bacterial pathogens and subsequently release immunoadjuvant components from the degraded cell walls. Since monocytes can be infected with HIV, effects of bacterial immunomodulators on infected promonocytic U937(More)
In the search for compounds capable of inducing endogenous production of colony-stimulating factor (CSF) and possessing activity against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), an immunomodulator, muramyl dipeptide (MDP), was investigated. MDP can enhance monocyte-macrophage CSF in serum and promote nonspecific resistance against a variety of microbial(More)
Postmenopausal women that still have an uterus and suffer from hot flushes are treated with combinations of estrogens and progestins. Whereas estrogens are indispensable for treating postmenopausal symptoms, progestins are added to counteract the proliferative activity of estrogens on uterine epithelial cells. However, in the mammary gland, progestins,(More)
The effect on natural killer (NK) cytotoxicity of splenic cells from BALB/c mice pretreated i. v. with squalane-in-water preparations of muramyl dipeptide (MDP), trehalose dimycolate (TDM), or the combination of MDP-plus-TDM was investigated. MDP or TDM augmented the NK cytotoxicity which peaked 48 h after the pretreatment whereas the combination of MDP and(More)
The effect on respiratory burst of murine spleen cells after in vitro exposure to influenza virus, subunits, or subunits conjugated to muramyl dipeptide (MDP) was studied by luminol-dependent chemiluminescence (CL) in response to stimulation by zymosan. CL induced by infectious influenza A virus was depressed but could be elevated to normal levels when MDP(More)
The prolactin receptor (PRLR) has been implicated in a variety of physiological processes (lactation, reproduction) and diseases (breast cancer, autoimmune diseases). Prolactin synthesis in the pituitary and extrapituitary sites is regulated by different promoters. Dopamine receptor agonists such as bromocriptine can only interfere with pituitary prolactin(More)
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