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A new aquaporin from Nicotiana tabacum (cv. Samsun) was characterized. It shares sequence homology to the Arabidopsis thaliana PIP1 protein family. By two-phase partitioning and immunoblot analysis, plasma membrane localization could be demonstrated. The corresponding mRNA is highly abundant in roots and flowers, while it is rarely expressed in leaves and(More)
Leaf mesophyll conductance to CO(2) (g(m)) has been recognized to be finite and variable, rapidly adapting to environmental conditions. The physiological basis for fast changes in g(m) is poorly understood, but current reports suggest the involvement of protein-facilitated CO(2) diffusion across cell membranes. A good candidate for this could be the(More)
Leaf-moving organs, remarkable for the rhythmic volume changes of their motor cells, served as a model system in which to study the regulation of membrane water fluxes. Two plasma membrane intrinsic protein homolog genes, SsAQP1 and SsAQP2, were cloned from these organs and characterized as aquaporins in Xenopus laevis oocytes. Osmotic water permeability(More)
Photosynthesis is often limited by the rate of CO(2) diffusion from the atmosphere to the chloroplast. The primary resistances for CO(2) diffusion are thought to be at the stomata and at photosynthesizing cells via a combination resulting from resistances of aqueous solution as well as the plasma membrane and both outer and inner chloroplast membranes. In(More)
 The aquaporin NtAQP1 from Nicotiana tabacum L. is insensitive to heavy-metal ions. In addition to water, the transport of urea or glycerol is facilitated by this plasma-membrane-located water channel. Northern hybridization and whole-mount in situ hybridization revealed a high steady-state level of NtAQP1-RNA in roots, a decreased content in shoots and a(More)
Heterologous expression in yeast cells revealed that NtAQP1, a member of the so-called PIP1 aquaporin subfamily, did not display increased water transport activity in comparison with controls. Instead, an increased CO(2)-triggered intracellular acidification was observed. NtPIP2;1, which belongs to the PIP2 subfamily of plant aquaporins, behaved as a true(More)
Dark-grown pea seedlings exposed to cyclic heat shocks or daily temperature changes undergo a morphogenetic development similar to that induced by far red light. The morphological changes observed include expansion of the leaves, shortening of the stems and opening of the hooks. Compared with control etioplasts, plastids of heat-treated seedlings are as(More)
That phosphate homeostasis is tightly linked to skeletal mineralization is probably best underscored by the fact that the phosphaturic hormone FGF23 is primarily expressed by terminally differentiated osteoblasts/osteocytes and that increased circulating FGF23 levels are causative for different types of hypophosphatemic rickets. In contrast, FGF23(More)
We demonstrate that membranes consisting of certain triblock-copolymers were tight for CO₂. Using a novel approach, we provide evidence for aquaporin facilitated CO₂ diffusion. Plant aquaporins obtained from heterologous expression were inserted into triblock copolymer membranes. These were employed to separate a chamber with a solution maintaining high CO₂(More)