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Formation of immune synapses (IS) between T cells and APC requires multiple rearrangements in the actin cytoskeleton and selective receptor accumulation in supramolecular activation clusters (SMAC). The inner cluster (central SMAC) contains the TCR/CD3 complex. The outer cluster (peripheral SMAC) contains the integrin LFA-1 and Talin. Molecular mechanisms(More)
Activation of naïve T cells requires costimulation via TCR/CD3 plus accessory receptors, which enables the dynamic rearrangement of the actin cytoskeleton and immune synapse maturation. Signaling events induced following costimulation may thus be valuable targets for therapeutic immunosuppression. Phosphorylation of the actin-bundling protein L-plastin(More)
Tumor cell migration and metastasis require dynamic rearrangements of the actin cytoskeleton. Interestingly, the F-actin cross-linking and stabilizing protein L-plastin, originally described as a leukocyte specific protein, is aberrantly expressed in several non-hematopoietic malignant tumors. Therefore, it has been discussed as a tumor marker. However,(More)
Oxidative stress can lead to T cell hyporesponsiveness. A reducing micromilieu (e.g. provided by dendritic cells) can rescue T cells from such oxidant-induced dysfunction. However, the reducing effects on proteins leading to restored T cell activation remained unknown. One key molecule of T cell activation is the actin-remodeling protein cofilin, which is(More)
Calcium signals in stimulated T cells are generally considered single entities that merely trigger immune responses, whereas costimulatory events specify the type of reaction. Here we show that the "T cell calcium signal" is a composite signal harboring two distinct components that antagonistically control genomic programs underlying the immune response.(More)
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