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Large quantities of biosynthetic human proinsulin have recently become available through recombinant DNA technology. Since the in vivo effects of human proinsulin have not been studied in man, we compared the dose-response relationship for stimulation of glucose disposal and suppression of hepatic glucose output by proinsulin and insulin. Ten normal(More)
During recent decades, efforts have been made in several countries to diminish the negative environmental influence of dairy production. The main focus has been on nitrogen and phosphorus. Modern dairy production in Western Europe is often based on imported feed-stuffs, mostly protein-rich feeds. In Sweden at least, it is wished that the use of imported(More)
Recent large-scale epidemiological studies demonstrate that blood concentrations of immunoreactive insulin predict the development of NIDDM and IDDM and are associated with the risk of several degenerative diseases, such as coronary and peripheral vessel atherosclerosis, hypertension, and dyslipidemia. The reliability of these measurements is dependent on a(More)
The accuracy with which the secretion rate of insulin can be calculated from peripheral concentrations of C-peptide was investigated in conscious mongrel dogs. Biosynthetic human C-peptide and insulin were infused intraportally and their concentrations measured in the femoral artery. During steady-state infusions of C-peptide, the peripheral concentration(More)
Cardiac hypertrophy, either compensated or decompensated, is associated with cardiomyocyte contractile dysfunction from depressed sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca(2+) cycling. Normalization of Ca(2+) cycling by ablation or inhibition of the SR inhibitor phospholamban (PLN) has prevented cardiac failure in experimental dilated cardiomyopathy and is a promising(More)
The validity of C-peptide as a peripheral marker of insulin secretion during different physiological conditions depends on the demonstration that C-peptide clearance is constant under these circumstances. Recently biosynthetic human C-peptide, identical in structure to pancreatic human C-peptide, became available for use in human subjects. The present study(More)
Recent studies from our laboratory have demonstrated that human biosynthetic proinsulin has a much slower MCR than insulin as well as a greater effect on hepatic than on peripheral tissues. Since both of these features make proinsulin potentially useful as an adjunct to insulin, the present study was undertaken to characterize the biological effects of(More)
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