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Evidence for brief interventions in general hospital (GH) settings is scarce, probably due to higher rates of dependent drinkers. The present study aims to compare unhealthy drinking patterns in GH patients with the general population (GP). Sample 1 consisted of 4,075 individuals randomly drawn from registration office files, representing the(More)
AIM To test the effectiveness of a brief alcohol intervention among non-dependent general hospital inpatients with alcohol problems, delivered by either a specialized liaison service or hospital physicians. METHOD All inpatients of 29 wards from four general hospitals of one region in Germany were screened for alcohol problems (n=14,332). Of those(More)
AIMS Previous studies investigating dose-response relations between volume of drinking and diseases have focused on single diseases only. Until now, the relation between the drinking volume and the risk of having any alcohol-attributable disease is largely unknown. The aim of the present study is to investigate to what extent is the risk of diseases with(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate proportions of alcohol problem drinking: alcohol use disorders (AUDs) and drinking above recommended levels among general hospital inpatients in northeastern Germany. METHOD The sample includes consecutively admitted inpatients (n=14,332) between 18 and 64 years old. This study adopted a two-stage-sampling approach including(More)
AIM The purpose of this study was to investigate the distribution of health behaviours and health-risk behaviours among three groups of job-seeking persons at employment agencies: short-term unemployed, long-term unemployed, and non-unemployed (e.g., threatened by job loss) persons. A related aim was to identify the general willingness of persons recruited(More)
BACKGROUND Studies investigating factors of treatment entry have predominantly focussed on persons that have already taken an initial step in the process of help-seeking. With particular emphasis on intention to utilize help, this study aims to detect predictors for alcohol-related help-seeking among a non-help-utilizing sample. METHODS Using 312(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to analyze whether general hospital inpatients with at-risk and heavy episodic drinking (ARHE) have a higher motivation to change drinking habits and a higher risk of developing alcohol dependence than individuals with at-risk drinking only (AR) or heavy episodic drinking only (HE). METHOD A proactively recruited(More)
AIM The aim of this prospective study was to identify predictors of utilizing formal and informal help among currently non-help-seeking individuals with alcohol use disorders. METHODS Data was based on 197 general hospital inpatients with alcohol dependence or abuse. Using multivariable logistic regression analyses, intention to utilize formal help was(More)
AIMS The aims of this study were to investigate the performance of the treatment version of the Readiness to Change Questionnaire (RCQ[TV]) among individuals currently receiving alcohol detoxification and to develop a treatment version of the Treatment Readiness Tool (TReaT[TV]). METHODS A total of 549 patients (86% men) recruited from two detoxification(More)
Prävention wird mit Leistungen, mediierenden Faktoren und Outcomes beschrieben. Kriterien für Präventionsleistungen sind Bevölkerungswirksamkeit und proaktives Vorgehen. Bevölkerungswirksamkeit ist ein Effektivitätsmaß, das die Quote erreichter und teilnehmender Menschen aus der Zielbevölkerung berücksichtigt. Bei proaktivem Vorgehen kontaktieren(More)