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The Database of Protein Disorder (DisProt) links structure and function information for intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs). Intrinsically disordered proteins do not form a fixed three-dimensional structure under physiological conditions, either in their entireties or in segments or regions. We define IDP as a protein that contains at least one(More)
The common notion in the protein world holds that proteins are synthesized as a linear polypeptide chain, followed by folding into a unique, functional 3D-structure. As outlined in many articles of this volume, this is in fact the case for a great proportion of the proteome. Many proteins and protein domains, however, are intrinsically disordered (IDPs),(More)
The Database of Protein Disorder (DisProt, URL: www.disprot.org) has been significantly updated and upgraded since its last major renewal in 2007. The current release holds information on more than 800 entries of IDPs/IDRs, i.e. intrinsically disordered proteins or regions that exist and function without a well-defined three-dimensional structure. We have(More)
Human nucleolar phosphoprotein p140 (hNopp 140) is a highly phosphorylated protein inhibitor of casein kinase 2 (CK2). As in the case of many kinase-inhibitor systems, the inhibitor has been described to belong to the family of intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs), which often utilize transient structural elements to bind their cognate enzyme. Here we(More)
Scaffold proteins have an important role in the regulation of signal propagation. These proteins do not possess any enzymatic activity but can contribute to the formation of multiprotein complexes. Although scaffold proteins are present in all cell types, the nervous system contains them in the largest amount. Caskin proteins are typically present in(More)
Histone lysine methyltransferases (HKMTs), catalyze mono-, di- and trimethylation of lysine residues, resulting in a regulatory pattern that controls gene expression. Their involvement in many different cellular processes and diseases makes HKMTs an intensively studied protein group, but scientific interest so far has been concentrated mostly on their(More)
Thymosine β4 (Tß4) is a 43 amino acid long intrinsically disordered protein (IDP), which was initially identified as an actin-binding and sequestering molecule. Later it was described to have multiple other functions, such as regulation of endothelial cell differentiation, blood vessel formation, wound repair, cardiac cell migration, and survival.1 The(More)
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