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The screening of 17 SAg genes ofS. aureus isolated from the sputum of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients revealed that among 47 genetically different strains, 39 (83 %) carried SAg genes. Superantigens forming enterotoxin gene cluster were detected in 20 strains. The 2nd most common superantigen type wasselk detected in 13 strains. In 9 strains,selk occurred(More)
The aim was to study the activity of lysostaphin in monotherapy or in combination with oxacillin, towards biofilms built by clinical and reference S. aureus and S. epidermidis strains in the wells of microplate, in the chambers of a LabTekII chamber slide or on the polyethylene catheter. MICs of oxacillin and lysostaphin for planktonic bacteria were(More)
The activating transcription factor 1 (AP-1) family of proteins consists of a large number of inducible factors that are implicated in many biological processes, including cellular and viral gene expression, cell proliferation, differentiation, and tumorigenesis. Here, we investigated the role of the AP-1 family members c-Jun and c-Fos in transcriptional(More)
Due to high resistance, standard chemotherapy of biofilm-associated staphylococcal infections is ineffective and a number of alternative approaches to antimicrobial treatment have been proposed. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and biofilm inhibitory concentration (BIC) of oxacillin (Oxa), vancomycin (Van), linezolid (Lzd) and lysostaphin (Lss) as(More)
The ability of surfactants obtained from three Lactobacillus acidophilus strains to inhibit Staphylococcus aureus and S. epidermidis biofilms was evaluated. Their influence was determined on bacterial initial adhesion, biofilm formation and dispersal using MTT-reduction assay, confocal laser scanning microscopy and image PHLIP analysis. The number of(More)
The activity of antagonistic substances produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Lactobacillus acidophilus against the planktonic and sessile populations of Staphylococcus aureus strains was demonstrated. The strongest effects were caused by probiotic L. acidophilus strain — bacteriocin-like inhibitory substances (BLIS) positive. However, the S. aureus A3(More)
The phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from respiratory tract of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients were investigated. Slime production, cell-surface hydrophobicity, type of capsular polysaccharide, profile of heteroresistance to methicillin and Sma I restriction profiles were evaluated. S. aureus CF strains have(More)
The aim was to provide the insight into the biology of C. albicans influenced by undescribed yet properties of saponin-rich (80%-98%) fractions (SAPFs), isolated from extracts of Trifolium alexandrinum, T. incarnatum, T. resupinatum var. resupinatum aerial parts. Their concentrations below 0.5 mg/mL were arbitrarily considered as subMICs for C. albicans(More)
Polyphenols, plant secondary metabolites, are present in human diet and have been widely used for medical and cosmetic purposes. They possess beneficial features such as antioxidant, immunomodulatory, anti-cancer and antibacterial activity. There is some evidence that these phytochemicals can improve wound healing. However, more and more data suggest that,(More)
INTRODUCTION Although platelets are not part of the classical immune system, they have many features that indicate their role in the anti-infective host defense. They come into interactions with microorganisms, which results in co-aggregation and co-adhesion or destruction of the microbes due to the action of antimicrobial peptides released from(More)